Amazon Elastic Block Store

Easy to use, high performance block storage at any scale

Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) is an easy to use, high performance block storage service designed for use with Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) for both throughput and transaction intensive workloads at any scale. A broad range of workloads, such as relational and non-relational databases, enterprise applications, containerized applications, big data analytics engines, file systems, and media workflows are widely deployed on Amazon EBS.

You can choose from four different volume types to balance optimal price and performance. You can achieve single digit-millisecond latency for high performance database workloads such as SAP HANA or gigabyte per second throughput for large, sequential workloads such as Hadoop. You can change volume types, tune performance, or increase volume size without disrupting your critical applications, so you have cost-effective storage when you need it.

Designed for mission-critical systems, EBS volumes are replicated within an Availability Zone (AZ) and can easily scale to petabytes of data. Also, you can use EBS Snapshots with automated lifecycle policies to back up your volumes in Amazon S3, while ensuring geographic protection of your data and business continuity.

Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) Overview (1:57)

Benefits

Performance for any workload

EBS volumes are performant for your most demanding workloads, including mission-critical applications such as SAP, Oracle, and Microsoft products. SSD-backed options include a volume designed for high performance applications and a general purpose volume that offers strong price/performance for most workloads. HDD-backed volumes are designed for large, sequential workloads such as big data analytics engines, log processing, and data warehousing. For even higher storage performance per instance, use multiple volumes together.

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Easy to Use

Amazon EBS volumes are easy to create, use, encrypt, and protect. Elastic Volumes capability allows you to increase storage, tune performance up and down, and change volume types without any disruption to your workloads. EBS Snapshots allow you to easily take backups of your volumes for geographic protection of your data. Data Lifecycle Manager (DLM) is an easy-to-use tool for automating snapshot management without any additional overhead or cost.

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Highly Available and Durable

Amazon EBS architecture offers reliability for mission-critical applications. Each volume is designed to protect against failures by replicating within the Availability Zone (AZ), offering 99.999% availability and an annual failure rate (AFR) of between 0.1%-0.2%. For simple and robust backup, use EBS Snapshots with Amazon Data Lifecycle Manager (DLM) policies to automate snapshot management.

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Virtually Unlimited Scale

Amazon EBS enables you to increase storage without any disruption to your critical workloads. Build applications that require as little as a single GB of storage, or scale up to petabytes of data — all in just a few clicks. Snapshots can be used to quickly restore new volumes across a region's Availability Zones, enabling rapid scale.

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Secure

EBS is built to be secure for data compliance. Newly created EBS volumes can be encrypted by default with a single setting in your account. EBS volumes support encryption of data at-rest, data in-transit, and all volume backups. EBS encryption is supported by all volume types, includes built-in key management infrastructure, and has zero impact on performance.

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Cost-effective

EBS offers four different volume types at various price points and performance benchmarks, enabling you to optimize costs and invest in a precise level of storage for your application needs. Options range from highly cost-effective dollar per gigabyte volumes to high performance volumes with high IOPS and high throughput designed for mission critical workloads. Backups using EBS Snapshots are incremental and save on storage costs by not duplicating data.

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Use cases

Enterprise Applications

Amazon EBS provides high availability and high durability block storage to reliably run mission-critical applications such as Oracle, SAP, Microsoft Exchange, Microsoft SharePoint, and VMware applications on VMware Cloud on AWS.

Learn about lifting and shifting your application workloads to Amazon EBS

Relational Databases

Amazon EBS scales with your performance needs, whether you are supporting millions of gaming customers or billions of e-commerce transactions. Databases such as SAP HANA, Oracle, Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL and PostgreSQL are widely deployed on Amazon EBS.

Learn how Slack achieved cost savings on its MySQL backups with Amazon EBS

Business Continuity

Amazon EBS allows you to minimize data loss and recovery time with the ability to regularly back up your data and log files across different geographic regions. Quickly restore new volumes to launch applications in new regions.

Learn about Haven Power’s use of Amazon EBS in its business continuity plan

NoSQL databases

Amazon EBS volumes provide consistent and low-latency performance for running NoSQL databases such as Cassandra, MongoDB, and CouchDB.

Learn how CrowdStrike saved money and improved performance of its Cassandra database using Amazon EBS

Big Data Analytics Engines

Amazon EBS offers data persistence, dynamic performance adjustments, and the ability to detach and reattach volumes, allowing you to resize clusters for big data analytics engines such as Hadoop and Spark.

Learn how Videology improved performance and reduced cost for its Hadoop clusters with Amazon EBS

File Systems & Media Workflows

Amazon EBS lets you scale easily with additional volumes to support growing file systems, and the choice of four different volumes to optimize price and performance.

Learn how Geodata built an ultra scalable, cost effective Geographic Information System (GIS) using Amazon EBS

Blog posts & articles

New – Opt-in to Default Encryption for New EBS Volumes

Jeff Barr

May 23, 2019

How to share encrypted AMIs across accounts to launch encrypted EC2 instances

Nishit Nagar

May 13, 2019

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