How do I use AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner to run a command before or after a resource in my CloudFormation stack?

Last updated: 2021-03-02

I want to use AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner to run a command before or after a resource in my AWS CloudFormation stack.

Resolution

Note: If you receive errors when running AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI) commands, make sure that you’re using the most recent AWS CLI version.

To run a command before or after a resource in your CloudFormation stack, define the AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner resource in your CloudFormation template.

For example:

Resources:
    CommandRunner:
        Type: AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner
        Properties: 
            Command: 'aws ssm get-parameter --name BucketName --region us-east-1 --query Parameter.Value --output text > /command-output.txt'
            Role: EC2-Role
            LogGroup: my-cloudwatch-log-group

Important: If you haven't already registered the AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner resource, then run the following commands. The register.sh script uses the awsutility-cloudformation-commandrunner.zip to register the resource to your account. For more information about what actions the register.sh script performs, see User Installation Steps on AWS GitHub.

git clone https://github.com/aws-cloudformation/aws-cloudformation-resource-providers-awsutilities-commandrunner.git

cd aws-cloudformation-resource-providers-awsutilities-commandrunner

curl -LO https://github.com/aws-cloudformation/aws-cloudformation-resource-providers-awsutilities-commandrunner/releases/latest/download/awsutility-cloudformation-commandrunner.zip

./scripts/register.sh --set-default

Important: The property Role should be the name of an AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) instance profile with an IAM role associated to it that has a trust relationship with the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) service (ec2.amazonaws.com). The property Role is assumed by the AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner resource to run your command. The optional property LogGroup, if specified, writes the logs from your command's execution to the Amazon CloudWatch log group. For more information on using the AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner resource in your template, see README.md and docs/README.md from the aws-cloudformation-resource-providers-awsutilities-commandrunner repository on AWS GitHub.

You must include the --region option in your AWS CLI commands. Then, you must write the command's output to a reserved file called /command-output.txt, as in the preceding code example.

You can reference the output of the command using Fn::GetAtt. For example:

S3Bucket: 
    Type: AWS::S3::Bucket
    Properties: 
        BucketName: !GetAtt CommandRunner.Output

To run the command after a resource with the logical name Instance, specify DependsOn: Instance in the AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner resource's definition. For example:

Resources:
   CommandRunner:
      DependsOn: Instance
      Type: AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner
      Properties:
         Command: aws s3 ls | sed -n 1p | cut -d " " -f3 > /command-output.txt
         LogGroup: my-cloudwatch-log-group
         Role: EC2-Role
   Instance:
      Type: AWS::EC2::Instance
      Properties:
         Image: ami-abcd1234

To run the command before a resource, set DependsOn to the logical name of the AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner resource in that resource's definition. For example:

Resources:
   CommandRunner:
      Type: AWSUtility::CloudFormation::CommandRunner
      Properties:
         Command: aws s3 ls | sed -n 1p | cut -d " " -f3 > /command-output.txt
         LogGroup: my-cloudwatch-log-group
         Role: EC2-Role
   Instance:
      DependsOn: CommandRunner
      Type: AWS::EC2::Instance
      Properties:
         Image: ami-abcd1234

Note: In the preceding examples, sed -n 1p prints only the first line from the response returned by aws s3 ls. To get the bucket name, sed -n 1p pipes the response to cut -d " " -f3, which chooses the third element in the array created after splitting the line delimited by a space.


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