Regions and Availability Zones

The AWS Cloud spans 69 Availability Zones within 22 geographic Regions around the world, with announced plans for 9 more Availability Zones and three more Regions in Cape Town, Jakarta, and Milan.

Region Maps and Edge Networks

  • North America
  • South America
  • Europe/Middle East/Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • North America
  • NA-4-19-500x500.png

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations


    US East (Northern Virginia) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 6
    Launched 2006

    US East (Ohio) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    US West (Oregon) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 4
    Launched 2011

    US West (Northern California) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3*
    Launched 2009

    GovCloud (US-West) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2011

    GovCloud (US-East) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2018

    Canada (Central) Region**
    EC2 Availability Zones: 2
    Launched 2016

    Learn more at AWS Canada

    See detailed offerings at all AWS locations >>

    AWS Edge Locations:

    Edge locations - Ashburn, VA (6); Atlanta GA (5); Boston, MA (2); Chicago, IL (7); Dallas/Fort Worth, TX (6); Denver, CO (2); Hayward, CA; Hillsboro, OR; Houston, TX (2); Jacksonville, FL; Los Angeles, CA (5); Miami, FL (3); Minneapolis, MN; Montreal, QC; New York, NY (3); Newark, NJ (5); Palo Alto, CA; Phoenix, AZ; Philadelphia, PA; San Jose, CA (2); Seattle, WA (3); South Bend, IN; Toronto, ON

    Regional Edge Caches - Northern Virginia; Ohio; Oregon

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    *New customers can access two EC2 Availability Zones in US West (Northern California).

    **Located in the Montreal metropolitan area

  • South America
  • SA-4-19-500x500.png

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations

    South America (São Paulo) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3*
    Launched 2011

    AWS Edge Network Locations:

    Edge locations - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (3); São Paulo, Brazil (2)

    Regional Edge Caches - São Paulo, Brazil

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    *New customers can access two EC2 Availability Zones in South America (São Paulo)

    See detailed list of offerings at all AWS locations

     

  • Europe/Middle East/Africa
  • EMEA-500x500-8_1

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations


    Europe (Ireland) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2007

    Europe (London) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    Europe (Stockholm) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2018

    Europe (Frankfurt) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2014

    Europe (Paris) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2017

    Middle East (Bahrain) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2019

    AWS Edge Network Locations:

    Edge locations - Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2); Berlin, Germany (2); Cape Town, South Africa; Copenhagen, Denmark; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Dublin, Ireland; Frankfurt, Germany (8); Fujairah, United Arab Emirates; Helsinki, Finland; Johannesburg, South Africa; London, England (9); Madrid, Spain (2); Manchester, England; Marseille, France; Milan, Italy; Munich, Germany (2); Oslo, Norway; Palermo, Italy; Paris, France (5); Prague, Czech Republic; Stockholm, Sweden (3); Vienna, Austria; Warsaw, Poland; Zurich, Switzerland; Tel Aviv, Israel

    Regional Edge Caches - Frankfurt, Germany; London, England

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    Europe (Ireland) Region is located in the Republic of Ireland.

    See detailed list of offerings at all AWS locations

     

  • Asia Pacific
  • APAC-4-19-500x500.png

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations


    Asia Pacific (Singapore) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2010

    Mainland China (Beijing) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 2
    Learn more at www.amazonaws.cn

    Asia Pacific (Sydney) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2012

    Asia Pacific (Tokyo) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 4*
    Launched 2011

    Asia Pacific (Seoul) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    Mainland China (Ningxia) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Learn more at www.amazonaws.cn

    Asia Pacific (Osaka) Local Region1
    EC2 Availability Zones: 1
    Launched 2018

    Asia Pacific (Mumbai) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    Asia Pacific (Hong Kong) Region
    EC2 Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2019

    AWS Edge Network Locations:

    Edge locations - Bangalore, India; Chennai, India (2); Hong Kong SAR, China (3); Hyderabad, India (2); Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Manila, The Philippines; Melbourne, Australia; Mumbai, India (2); New Delhi, India (3); Osaka, Japan; Perth, Australia; Seoul, Korea (4); Singapore (3); Sydney, Australia; Taipei, Taiwan (3); Tokyo, Japan (11)

    Regional Edge Caches - Mumbai, India; Seoul, Korea; Singapore; Sydney, Australia; Tokyo, Japan

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    *New customers can access three EC2 Availability Zones in Asia Pacific (Tokyo).

    1  Asia Pacific (Osaka) Local Region is a Local Region that is available to select AWS customers who request access. Customers wishing to use the Asia Pacific (Osaka) Local Region should speak with their sales representative.

    See detailed list of offerings at all AWS locations

     

Regions

AWS provides a more extensive global footprint than any other cloud provider, and it opens up new Regions faster than other providers. To support its global footprint and ensure customers are served across the world, AWS maintains multiple geographic regions, including Regions in North America, South America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East. Currently there are 22 geographic regions, one local region, and even more in the works.

Each AWS Region provides full redundancy and connectivity to the network. Unlike other cloud providers, who define a region as a single data center, at AWS Regions consist of multiple Availability Zones (AZ) (typically 3), each of which is a fully isolated partition of the AWS infrastructure that consists of discrete data centers, each with redundant power, networking, and connectivity, and each housed in separate facilities.

Availability Zones

AZ give customers the ability to operate production applications and databases that are more highly available, fault tolerant, and scalable than would be possible from a single data center. AWS maintains 69 AZ around the world and we continue to add at a fast pace. Each AZ can be multiple data centers (typically 3), and at full scale can be hundreds of thousands of servers. They are fully isolated partitions of the AWS Global Infrastructure. With their own power infrastructure, the AZs are physically separated by a meaningful distance, many kilometers, from any other AZ, although all are within 100 km (60 miles of each other).

All AZs are interconnected with high-bandwidth, low-latency networking, over fully redundant, dedicated metro fiber providing high-throughput, low-latency networking between AZs. The network performance is sufficient to accomplish synchronous replication between AZs. AWS Availability Zones are also powerful tools for helping build highly available applications. AZs make partitioning applications about as easy as it can be. If an application is partitioned across AZs, companies are better isolated and protected from issues such as lightning strikes, tornadoes, earthquakes and more.

Services

AWS offers a broad set of global cloud-based products including compute, storage, database, analytics, networking, machine learning and AI, mobile, developer tools, IoT, security, enterprise applications, and much more. Our general policy is to deliver AWS services, features and instance types to all AWS Regions within 12 months of general availability, based on a variety of factors such as customer demand, latency, data sovereignty and other factors. Customers can share their interest for local region delivery, request service roadmap information, or gain insight on service interdependency (under NDA) by contacting your AWS sales representative. Due to the nature of the service, some AWS services are delivered globally rather than regionally, such as Amazon Route 53, Amazon Chime, Amazon WorkDocs, Amazon WorkMail, Amazon WorkSpaces, Amazon WorkLink.

 

High Availability Through Multiple Availability Zones

Unlike virtually every other technology infrastructure provider, each AWS Region has multiple Availability Zones and data centers. As we’ve learned from running the leading cloud infrastructure technology platform since 2006, customers who care about the availability and performance of their applications want to deploy these applications across multiple Availability Zones in the same region for fault tolerance and low latency. Availability Zones are connected to each other with fast, private fiber-optic networking, enabling you to easily architect applications that automatically fail-over between Availability Zones without interruption.

The AWS control plane (including APIs) and AWS Management Console are distributed across AWS Regions and utilize a multi-AZ architecture within each region to deliver resilience and ensure continuous availability. This ensures that customers avoid having a critical service dependency on a single data center. AWS can conduct maintenance activities without making any critical service temporarily unavailable to any customer.

Improving Continuity With Replication Between Regions

In addition to replicating applications and data across multiple data centers in the same Region using Availability Zones, you can also choose to increase redundancy and fault tolerance further by replicating data between geographic Regions. You can do so using both private, high speed networking and public internet connections to provide an additional layer of business continuity, or to provide low latency access across the globe.

Meeting Compliance and Data Residency Requirements

You retain complete control and ownership over the region in which your data is physically located, making it easy to meet regional compliance and data residency requirements.