Region Maps and Edge Networks

  • North America
  • South America
  • Europe/Middle East/Africa
  • Asia Pacific
  • North America
  • NA-4-19-500x500.png

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations


    US East (Northern Virginia) Region
    Availability Zones: 6
    Launched 2006

    US East (Ohio) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    US West (Oregon) Region
    Availability Zones: 4
    Launched 2011
    Local Zone: 1
    Launched 2019

    US West (Northern California) Region
    Availability Zones: 3*
    Launched 2009

    GovCloud (US-West) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2011

    GovCloud (US-East) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2018

    Canada (Central) Region**
    Availability Zones: 2
    Launched 2016

    Learn more at AWS Canada

    See detailed offerings at all AWS locations >>

    AWS Edge Locations:

    Edge locations - Ashburn, VA (6); Atlanta GA (6); Boston, MA (2); Chicago, IL (6); Dallas/Fort Worth, TX (6); Denver, CO (2); Hayward, CA; Hillsboro, OR (3); Houston, TX (2); Jacksonville, FL; Los Angeles, CA (5); Miami, FL (4); Minneapolis, MN; Montreal, QC; New York, NY (2); Newark, NJ (7); Palo Alto, CA; Phoenix, AZ; Philadelphia, PA (2); San Jose, CA (2); Seattle, WA (3); South Bend, IN; Toronto, ON

    Regional Edge Caches - Northern Virginia; Ohio; Oregon

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    *New customers can access two Availability Zones in US West (Northern California).

    **Located in the Montreal metropolitan area

  • South America
  • 5437-Global Infrastructure Map-SouthAmerica_update

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations

    South America (São Paulo) Region
    Availability Zones: 3*
    Launched 2011

    AWS Edge Network Locations:

    Edge locations - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (3); São Paulo, Brazil (2); Bogota, Colombia; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Santiago, Chile

    Regional Edge Caches - São Paulo, Brazil

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    *New customers can access two Availability Zones in South America (São Paulo)

    See detailed list of offerings at all AWS locations

     

  • Europe/Middle East/Africa
  • EMEA-500x500-8_1

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations


    Europe (Ireland) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2007

    Europe (London) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    Europe (Stockholm) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2018

    Europe (Frankfurt) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2014

    Europe (Paris) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2017

    Middle East (Bahrain) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2019

    AWS Edge Network Locations:

    Edge locations - Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2); Berlin, Germany (2); Brussels, Belgium; Cape Town, South Africa; Copenhagen, Denmark; Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Dublin, Ireland; Frankfurt, Germany (10); Fujairah, United Arab Emirates; Helsinki, Finland; Johannesburg, South Africa; London, England (9); Madrid, Spain (2); Manchester, England; Marseille, France; Milan, Italy (3); Munich, Germany (2); Oslo, Norway; Palermo, Italy; Paris, France (5); Prague, Czech Republic; Rome, Italy; Stockholm, Sweden (3); Vienna, Austria; Warsaw, Poland; Zurich, Switzerland; Tel Aviv, Israel

    Regional Edge Caches - Frankfurt, Germany; London, England

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    Europe (Ireland) Region is located in the Republic of Ireland.

    See detailed list of offerings at all AWS locations

     

  • Asia Pacific
  • APAC-4-19-500x500.png

    Map Key

    Regions

    Regions

    Edge_Locations

    Edge locations


    Asia Pacific (Singapore) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2010

    Mainland China (Beijing) Region
    Availability Zones: 2
    Learn more at www.amazonaws.cn

    Asia Pacific (Sydney) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2012

    Asia Pacific (Tokyo) Region
    Availability Zones: 4*
    Launched 2011

    Asia Pacific (Seoul) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    Mainland China (Ningxia) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Learn more at www.amazonaws.cn

    Asia Pacific (Osaka) Local Region1
    Availability Zones: 1
    Launched 2018

    Asia Pacific (Mumbai) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2016

    Asia Pacific (Hong Kong) Region
    Availability Zones: 3
    Launched 2019

    AWS Edge Network Locations:

    Edge locations - Bangalore, India; Chennai, India (2); Beijing, China (1), Shanghai, China (1), Ningxia, China (1), Shenzhen, China (1), Hong Kong SAR, China (3); Hyderabad, India (2); Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2); Manila, The Philippines; Melbourne, Australia; Mumbai, India (3); New Delhi, India (4); Osaka, Japan; Perth, Australia; Seoul, Korea (4); Singapore (4); Sydney, Australia (4); Taipei, Taiwan (3); Tokyo, Japan (16)

    Regional Edge Caches - Mumbai, India; Seoul, Korea; Singapore; Sydney, Australia; Tokyo, Japan

    Learn more about the Global Edge Network >>

    *New customers can access three Availability Zones in Asia Pacific (Tokyo).

    1  Asia Pacific (Osaka) Local Region is a Local Region that is available to select AWS customers who request access. Customers wishing to use the Asia Pacific (Osaka) Local Region should speak with their sales representative.

    See detailed list of offerings at all AWS locations

     

Regions

AWS has the concept of a Region, which is a physical location around the world where we cluster data centers. We call each group of logical data centers an Availability Zone. Each AWS Region consists of multiple, isolated, and physically separate AZ's within a geographic area. Unlike other cloud providers, who often define a region as a single data center, the multiple AZ design of every AWS Region offers advantages for customers. Each AZ has independent power, cooling, and physical security and is connected via redundant, ultra-low-latency networks. AWS customers focused on high availability can design their applications to run in multiple AZ's to achieve even greater fault-tolerance. AWS infrastructure Regions meet the highest levels of security, compliance, and data protection.

AWS provides a more extensive global footprint than any other cloud provider, and to support its global footprint and ensure customers are served across the world, AWS opens new Regions rapidly. AWS maintains multiple geographic Regions, including Regions in North America, South America, Europe, China, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East.

Availability Zones

An Availability Zone (AZ) is one or more discrete data centers with redundant power, networking, and connectivity in an AWS Region. AZ’s give customers the ability to operate production applications and databases that are more highly available, fault tolerant, and scalable than would be possible from a single data center. All AZ’s in an AWS Region are interconnected with high-bandwidth, low-latency networking, over fully redundant, dedicated metro fiber providing high-throughput, low-latency networking between AZ’s. All traffic between AZ’s is encrypted. The network performance is sufficient to accomplish synchronous replication between AZ’s. AZ’s make partitioning applications for high availability easy. If an application is partitioned across AZ’s, companies are better isolated and protected from issues such as power outages, lightning strikes, tornadoes, earthquakes, and more. AZ’s are physically separated by a meaningful distance, many kilometers, from any other AZ, although all are within 100 km (60 miles of each other).

AWS Local Zones

AWS Local Zones place compute, storage, database, and other select AWS services closer to end-users. With AWS Local Zones, you can easily run highly-demanding applications that require single-digit millisecond latencies to your end-users such as media & entertainment content creation, real-time gaming, reservoir simulations, electronic design automation, and machine learning.

Each AWS Local Zone location is an extension of an AWS Region where you can run your latency sensitive applications using AWS services such as Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, Amazon Virtual Private Cloud, Amazon Elastic Block Store, Amazon File Storage, and Amazon Elastic Load Balancing in geographic proximity to end-users. AWS Local Zones provide a high-bandwidth, secure connection between local workloads and those running in the AWS Region, allowing you to seamlessly connect to the full range of in-region services through the same APIs and tool sets.

AWS Wavelength

AWS Wavelength enables developers to build applications that deliver single-digit millisecond latencies to mobile devices and end-users. AWS developers can deploy their applications to Wavelength Zones, AWS infrastructure deployments that embed AWS compute and storage services within the telecommunications providers’ datacenters at the edge of the 5G networks, and seamlessly access the breadth of AWS services in the region. This enables developers to deliver applications that require single-digit millisecond latencies such as game and live video streaming, machine learning inference at the edge, and augmented and virtual reality (AR/VR). AWS Wavelength brings AWS services to the edge of the 5G network, minimizing the latency to connect to an application from a mobile device. Application traffic can reach application servers running in Wavelength Zones without leaving the mobile provider’s network. This reduces the extra network hops to the Internet that can result in latencies of more than 100 milliseconds, preventing customers from taking full advantage of the bandwidth and latency advancements of 5G.

AWS Outposts

AWS Outposts bring native AWS services, infrastructure, and operating models to virtually any data center, co-location space, or on-premises facility. You can use the same AWS APIs, tools, and infrastructure across on-premises and the AWS cloud to deliver a truly consistent hybrid experience. AWS Outposts is designed for connected environments and can be used to support workloads that need to remain on-premises due to low latency or local data processing needs.

Services

AWS offers a broad set of global cloud-based products including compute, storage, database, analytics, networking, machine learning and AI, mobile, developer tools, IoT, security, enterprise applications, and much more. Our general policy is to deliver AWS services, features and instance types to all AWS Regions within 12 months of general availability, based on a variety of factors such as customer demand, latency, data sovereignty and other factors. Customers can share their interest for local region delivery, request service roadmap information, or gain insight on service interdependency (under NDA) by contacting your AWS sales representative. Due to the nature of the service, some AWS services are delivered globally rather than regionally, such as Amazon Route 53, Amazon Chime, Amazon WorkDocs, Amazon WorkMail, Amazon WorkSpaces, Amazon WorkLink.

 

High Availability

Unlike other technology infrastructure providers, each AWS Region has multiple AZ’s. As we’ve learned from running the leading cloud infrastructure technology platform since 2006, customers who care about the availability and performance of their applications want to deploy these applications across multiple AZ’s in the same region for fault tolerance and low latency. AZ’s are connected to each other with fast, private fiber-optic networking, enabling you to easily architect applications that automatically fail-over between AZ’s without interruption.

The AWS control plane (including APIs) and AWS Management Console are distributed across AWS Regions and utilize a multi-AZ architecture within each region to deliver resilience and ensure continuous availability. This ensures that customers avoid having a critical service dependency on a single data center. AWS can conduct maintenance activities without making any critical service temporarily unavailable to any customer.

Improving Continuity

In addition to replicating applications and data across multiple data centers in the same Region using AZ’s, you can also choose to increase redundancy and fault tolerance further by replicating data across AWS Regions. You can do this by using both private, high speed networking and public internet connections to provide an additional layer of business continuity, or to provide low latency access across the globe.

Compliance and Data Residency

If you have data residency requirements, you can choose the AWS Region that is in close proximity to your desired location. You retain complete control and ownership over the region in which your data is physically located, making it easy to meet regional compliance and data residency requirements. You can rest assured knowing that not only does AWS comply with Global Data Protection and Regulation (GDPR), but we have services and tools to enable you to build GDPR-compliant infrastructure on top of AWS. Organizations from startups to enterprises and the public sector have access to infrastructure in their country to leverage advanced technologies including analytics, artificial Intelligence, database, Internet of Things (IoT), machine learning, mobile services, serverless, and more to drive innovation.