Amazon EKS on AWS Fargate Now Generally Available
Starting today, you can start using Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service to run Kubernetes pods on AWS Fargate. EKS and Fargate make it straightforward to run Kubernetes-based applications on AWS by removing the need to provision and manage infrastructure for pods.
With AWS Fargate, customers don’t need to be experts in Kubernetes operations to run a cost-optimized and highly-available cluster. Fargate eliminates the need for customers to create or manage EC2 instances for their EKS clusters.
Customers no longer have to worry about patching, scaling, or securing a cluster of EC2 instances to run Kubernetes applications in the cloud. Using Fargate, customers define and pay for resources at the pod-level. This makes it easy to right-size resource utilization for each application and allow customers to clearly see the cost of each pod.
I’m now going to use the rest of this blog to explore this new feature further and deploy a simple Kubernetes-based application using EKS on Fargate.
Let’s Build a Cluster
The simplest way to get a cluster set up is to use eksctl, the official CLI tool for EKS. The command below creates a cluster called demo-newsblog with no worker nodes.
eksctl create cluster --name demo-newsblog --region eu-west-1 --fargate
This single command did quite a lot under the hood. Not only did it create a cluster for me, amongst other things, it also created a Fargate profile.
A Fargate profile, lets me specify which Kubernetes pods I want to run on Fargate, which subnets my pods run in, and provides the IAM execution role used by the Kubernetes agent to download container images to the pod and perform other actions on my behalf.
Understanding Fargate profiles is key to understanding how this feature works. So I am going to delete the Fargate profile that was automatically created for me and recreate it manually.
To create a Fargate profile, I head over to the Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) console and choose the cluster demo-newsblog. On the details, Under Fargate profiles, I choose Add Fargate profile.
I then need to configure my new Fargate profile. For the name, I enter demo-default.
In the Pod execution role, only IAM roles with the eks-fargate-pods.amazonaws.com service principal are shown. The eksctl tool creates an IAM role called AmazonEKSFargatePodExecutionRole, the documentation shows how this role can be created from scratch.
In the Subnets section, by default, all subnets in my cluster’s VPC are selected. However, only private subnets are supported for Fargate pods, so I deselect the two public subnets.
When I click next, I am taken to the Pod selectors screen. Here it asks me to enter a namespace. I add default, meaning that I want any pods that are created in the default Kubernetes namespace to run on Fargate. It’s important to understand that I don’t have to modify my Kubernetes app to get the pods running on Fargate, I just need a Fargate Profile – if a pod in my Kubernetes app matches the namespace defined in my profile, that pod will run on Fargate.
There is also a Match labels feature here, which I am not using. This allows you to specify the labels of the pods that you want to select, so you can get even more specific with which pods run on this profile.
Finally, I click Next and then Create. It takes a minute for the profile to create and become active.
In this demo, I also want everything to run on Fargate, including the CoreDNS pods that are part of Kubernetes. To get them running on Fargate, I will add a second Fargate profile for everything in the kube-system namespace. This time, to add a bit of variety to the demo, I will use the command line to create my profile.
Technically, I do not need to create a second profile for this. I could have added an additional namespace to the first profile, but this way, I get to explore an alternative way of creating a profile.
First, I create the file below and save it as
I then navigate to the folder that contains the file above and run the
create-fargate-profile command in my terminal.
aws eks create-fargate-profile --cli-input-json file://demo-kube-system-profile.json
I am now ready to deploy a container to my cluster. To keep things simple, I deploy a single instance of nginx using the following kubectl command.
kubectl create deployment demo-app --image=nginx
I then check to see the state of my pods by running the
get pods command.
kubectl get pods
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
demo-app-6dbfc49497-67dxk 0/1 Pending 0 13s
If I run
get nodes I have three nodes (two for coreDNS and one for nginx). These nodes represent the compute resources that have instantiated for me to run my pods.
kubectl get nodes
NAME STATUS ROLES AGE VERSION
fargate-ip-192-168-218-51.eu-west-1.compute.internal Ready <none> 4m45s v1.14.8-eks
fargate-ip-192-168-221-91.eu-west-1.compute.internal Ready <none> 2m20s v1.14.8-eks
fargate-ip-192-168-243-74.eu-west-1.compute.internal Ready <none> 4m40s v1.14.8-eks
After a short time, I rerun the
get pods command, and my demo-app now has a status of Running. Meaning my container has been successfully deployed onto Fargate.
kubectl get pods
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
demo-app-6dbfc49497-67dxk 1/1 Running 0 3m52s
Pricing and Limitations
With AWS Fargate, you pay only for the amount of vCPU and memory resources that your pod needs to run. This includes the resources the pod requests in addition to a small amount of memory needed to run Kubernetes components alongside the pod. Pods running on Fargate follow the existing pricing model. vCPU and memory resources are calculated from the time your pod's container images are pulled until the pod terminates, rounded up to the nearest second. A minimum charge for 1 minute applies. Additionally, you pay the standard cost for each EKS cluster you run, $0.20 per hour.
There are currently a few limitations that you should be aware of:
- There is a maximum of 4 vCPU and 30Gb memory per pod.
- Currently there is no support for stateful workloads that require persistent volumes or file systems.
- You cannot run Daemonsets, Privileged pods, or pods that use HostNetwork or HostPort.
- The only load balancer you can use is an Application Load Balancer.
Get Started Today
If you want to explore EKS on AWS Fargate yourself, you can try it now by heading on over to the EKS console in the following regions: US East (N. Virginia), US East (Ohio), Europe (Ireland), and Asia Pacific (Tokyo).