Monitoring Amazon OpenSearch Serverless using AWS User Notifications
Amazon OpenSearch Serverless is a serverless deployment option for Amazon OpenSearch Service that makes it simple for you to run search and analytics workloads without having to think about infrastructure management. The compute capacity used for data ingestion, and search and query in OpenSearch Serverless is measured in OpenSearch Compute Units (OCUs). Customers can configure maximum OCU limits in their AWS account to control costs. In the past, customers had to monitor resource usage metrics to make sure that the collections did not deplete their configured storage and computational capacity. With the new AWS User Notification integration, you can configure the system to send notifications whenever the capacity threshold is breached. The User Notification feature eliminates the need to monitor the service constantly. AWS User Notifications enables users to centrally set up and view notifications from various AWS services across accounts and regions in a human-friendly format. Users can view notifications in a Console Notifications Center and also configure various delivery channels.
You can now use AWS User Notifications to set up delivery channels to get notified when resource usage is nearing or exceeding the capacity threshold. You receive a notification when an event matches a rule that you specify. There are multiple channels for receiving notifications, including email, AWS Chatbot chat notifications, and AWS Console Mobile Application push notifications. In this post, you will see how you can use AWS user notifications to receive notifications for OCU threshold breaches across all your OpenSearch Serverless collections.
OpenSearch Serverless allows you to receive OCU utilization notifications for both search and indexing in the two scenarios listed below. OCU utilization percent is calculated based on your configured maximum capacity limit and the current OCU consumption.
- OCU Utilization Approaching Max Limit – OpenSearch Serverless sends this event through AWS User Notifications when current OCU usage percent reaches greater than or equal to 75 percent of the configured maximum OCU capacity.
- OCU Utilization Reached Max Limit – OpenSearch Serverless sends this event when OCU usage percent reaches 100 percent of the configured maximum OCU capacity.
If you receive OCU utilization notification, you can adjust the maximum capacity limit for your collection using either the console or AWS CLI.
The following sections detail the steps you can take to receive both these OCU utilization notifications for all collections.
As a prerequisite to receive OCU utilization notifications, you will set up notification configuration in notification hubs to store the notifications data. This has to be done only once, and at least one AWS region should be selected. The following screenshot shows a sample notification hub configuration for the US East (Ohio) AWS Region.
Also, please configure the maximum OCU capacity depending on your requirements for all collections.
Set up OCU utilization notifications
To set up the notifications, complete the following steps:
- On the AWS User Notifications console, create a notification configuration to receive notifications about OCU utilization.
- Choose Amazon OpenSearch Serverless for the service name and choose OCU Utilization Approaching Max Limit for the event type.
- Click Add another event rule and choose OCU Utilization Reached Max Limit for the event type.
- Using AWS User Notifications, you can receive the notifications as soon as they occur or receive them within 5 minutes to avoid receiving too many notifications all at once. We recommend receiving notifications every 5 minutes. Choose Receive within 5 minutes (recommended).
- You can opt to receive notifications through many delivery channels like the AWS Console Mobile Application and chat channels like Slack. For this blog post, to keep it simple, you can add your email address as the delivery channel, as shown in the following image.
- After you complete the configuration, your notification configurations page should look like the following screenshot.
- Once the OCU consumption for any of your collections reaches greater than or equal to 75 percent of the configured maximum OCU capacity, you will get a notification to your configured email address within 5 minutes, as shown in the following image.
- Once the OCU consumption reaches 100 percent of allocated OCU capacity for any of your collections, you will get a notification to your configured email address within 5 minutes, as shown in the following image.
- You can also see notifications in the AWS User Notifications console, as shown in the following screenshots
You can use AWS User Notifications to get notifications from various AWS services in one place. Now with Amazon OpenSearch Serverless integration, you can receive OCU utilization notifications as well. In this post, we explored how to enable notifications for all Amazon OpenSearch Serverless collections and receive notifications using an email delivery channel. If you have any questions or suggestions, please write to us in the comments section.
About the Author
Raj Ramasubbu is a Senior Analytics Specialist Solutions Architect focused on big data and analytics and AI/ML with Amazon Web Services. He helps customers architect and build highly scalable, performant, and secure cloud-based solutions on AWS. Raj provided technical expertise and leadership in building data engineering, big data analytics, business intelligence, and data science solutions for over 18 years prior to joining AWS. He helped customers in various industry verticals like healthcare, medical devices, life science, retail, asset management, car insurance, residential REIT, agriculture, title insurance, supply chain, document management, and real estate.