Amazon EC2 Mac Instances
Develop, build, test, and sign Apple apps on Amazon EC2
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) Mac instances allow you to run on-demand macOS workloads in the cloud for the first time, extending the flexibility, scalability, and cost benefits of AWS to all Apple developers. By using Amazon EC2 Mac instances, you can create apps for the iPhone, iPad, Mac, Apple Watch, Apple TV, and Safari. You can provision and access macOS environments within minutes, dynamically scale capacity as needed, and benefit from pay-as-you-go pricing.
x86-based EC2 Mac instances are built on Apple Mac mini computers, featuring Intel Core i7 processors, and are powered by the AWS Nitro System. You can choose from Mac instances that can run on macOS Mojave (version 10.14), macOS Catalina (version 10.15), macOS Big Sur (version 11), and macOS Monterey (version 12) as Amazon Machine Images (AMIs). To get started with x86-based EC2 Mac instances, see the Amazon EC2 User Guide.
Amazon EC2 M1 Mac instances are built on Apple M1 Mac mini computers and are powered by the AWS Nitro System. These instances deliver up to 60% better price performance over x86-based EC2 Mac instances for iOS and macOS application build workloads. EC2 M1 Mac instances enable Arm64 macOS environments for the first time on AWS, and support macOS Big Sur (version 11) and macOS Monterey (version 12) as Amazon Machine Images (AMIs). To learn more, see the Amazon EC2 FAQs.
Get started with Amazon EC2 Mac instances quickly
Visit our GitHub repository for helpful technical documents, guides, videos, and more. Learn how to setup Apple developer environments, build CI/CD pipelines, or test your Jamf workflows on x86 and Apple silicon-based EC2 Mac instances.
Quickly provision macOS environments
Time and resources previously spent building and maintaining on-premises macOS environments can now be refocused on building creative and useful apps. Development teams can now seamlessly provision and access macOS compute environments on demand to enjoy convenient distributed testing and fast app builds. This brings additional choices to developers so they can use Mac as their trusted platform, on premises or in the cloud. EC2 Mac instances help offload the effort in managing infrastructure to AWS, so Apple developers can focus on building their applications.
Extend your toolkits
EC2 Mac instances provide developers with seamless access to dozens of AWS services, so developers can more easily and efficiently collaborate with team members and develop, build, test, analyze, and improve their apps. Similar to other EC2 instances, you can use EC2 Mac instances together with AWS services and features, such as Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) for network security, Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) for expandable storage, Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) for distributing build queues, Amazon FSx for scalable file storage, and AWS Systems Manager Agent (SSM Agent) for configuring, managing, and patching macOS environments.
Simplify rearchitecting, building, and testing for Apple silicon
EC2 M1 Mac instances enable Apple Silicon macOS environments, for the first time on AWS, to develop, build, test, deploy, and run Apple applications. When rearchitecting your macOS applications for Apple silicon Mac computers, you can now achieve faster builds with bare-metal performance and convenient distributed testing without having to procure, install, manage, patch, and upgrade the physical infrastructure.
EC2 Mac instances allow developers to launch macOS environments within minutes, adjust provisioned capacity as needed, and only pay for actual usage with pay-as-you-go pricing. Developers save money since they only need to pay for the systems that are in use. For example, more capacity can be used when building an app, and less capacity when testing.
Choice of Apple Mac hardware
EC2 Mac instances support multiple Apple Mac computers to address diverse use cases and requirements. Our x86-based EC2 Mac instances are built on Apple Mac mini computers, which feature 32 GiB of memory and eighth-generation 3.2 GHz Intel Core i7 processors with 6 physical and 12 logical cores. EC2 M1 Mac instances are built on Apple M1 Mac mini computers with the Apple silicon M1 chip, 8 CPU cores, 8 GPU cores, 16 GiB of memory, and the 16-core Apple Neural Engine.
Scaled on highly reliable infrastructure
EC2 Mac instances are designed so that you can build critical applications with confidence. AWS has the most secure, extensive, and reliable global infrastructure for running workloads that require high availability and is recognized as an industry leader for uptime standards. EC2 Mac instances let your macOS workloads benefit from the scale, elasticity, reliability, and experience that our secure, on-demand infrastructure has offered to millions of customers for more than a decade.
Enabled by the AWS Nitro System
The AWS Nitro System is a rich collection of building blocks that offloads many traditional, software-defined functions to dedicated hardware and software to deliver high performance, high availability, and high security. Amazon EC2 Mac instances are uniquely enabled by the AWS Nitro System, which makes it possible to offer Mac mini computers as fully integrated and managed EC2 instances, providing 10 Gbps of Amazon VPC network bandwidth and 8 Gbps of Amazon EBS storage bandwidth.
x86-based EC2 Mac instances
EC2 M1 Mac instances
x86-based EC2 Mac instances
x86-based EC2 Mac instances are powered by a combination of Mac mini computers, which feature Intel’s eighth-generation 3.2 GHz (4.6 GHz turbo) Core i7 processors, 6 physical and12 logical cores, and 32 GiB of memory; and the AWS Nitro System, which provides up to 10 Gbps of Amazon VPC network bandwidth and 8 Gbps of Amazon EBS storage bandwidth through high-speed Thunderbolt 3 connections. x86-based EC2 Mac instances are uniquely enabled by the AWS Nitro System, which makes it possible to offer Mac mini computers as fully integrated and managed compute instances with Amazon VPC networking and Amazon EBS storage, just like any other Amazon EC2 instance. EC2 Mac instances are available in bare-metal instance size (mac1.metal) and support macOS Mojave (10.14), macOS Catalina (10.15), macOS Big Sur (11), and macOS Monterey (12) as AMIs.
Instance family Instance size Processor Physical cores vCPUs Memory (GiB) Instance storage Network bandwidth (Gbps) EBS bandwidth (Gbps) Mac1 mac1.metal Intel Core i7 6 12 32 EBS-Only 10 8
EC2 M1 Mac instances
EC2 M1 Mac instances are powered by a combination of the AWS Nitro System, which provides up to 10 Gbps of Amazon VPC network bandwidth and 8 Gbps of Amazon EBS storage bandwidth through high-speed Thunderbolt connections; and Apple silicon Mac mini computers, which feature the M1 chip with 8 CPU cores, 8 GPU cores, 16 GiB of memory, and the 16-core Apple Neural Engine. EC2 M1 Mac instances are uniquely enabled by the AWS Nitro System, which makes it possible to offer Mac mini computers as fully integrated and managed compute instances with Amazon VPC networking and Amazon EBS storage, just like any other Amazon EC2 instance. EC2 M1 Mac instances support both macOS Big Sur (11) and macOS Monterey (12) as AMIs.
Instance family Instance size Processor Physical cores vCPUs Memory (GiB) Instance storage Network bandwidth (Gbps) EBS bandwidth (Gbps) Mac2 mac2.metal Apple M1 4 performance and 4 efficiency cores 12 16 EBS-Only 10 8
Amazon EC2 Mac instances are available for purchase as Dedicated Hosts through the On-Demand and Savings Plans pricing models. Billing for EC2 Mac instances is per second with a 24-hour minimum allocation period to comply with the Apple macOS Software License Agreement. Through On Demand, you can launch an EC2 Mac host and be up and running within minutes. At the end of the 24-hour minimum allocation period, the host can be released at any time with no further commitment. With both Compute and Instance Savings Plans available, you can save up to 44 percent off On-Demand pricing with a 3-year commitment. For more information on Dedicated Hosts and complete pricing information, see the Dedicated Hosts pricing page. You can also access EC2 Mac instances pricing on the AWS Pricing Calculator for Dedicated Hosts.
“With EC2 Mac instances, we can scale our iOS build fleet, easily bake, roll back, and roll forward custom macOS environments with AMIs, and debug any build or test failures with fully reproducible macOS environments. Today, 100% of our production builds are running on EC2 Mac instances - our builds are 18.4% faster and 80.5% more reliable, - and our iOS developers love it!”
- Oliver Koo
Senior Software Engineer, Pinterest
"Now with EC2 Mac instances, I can spin up a new virtual machine in minutes, improve security by using EC2 Instance Profiles, and create, test, and roll-out a new Xcode AMI across all of our build agents 4x faster. These speed improvements enabled us to reduce our macOS fleet size by 50%."
- Heath Borders
Senior Mobile Engineer, Twitch
"We were able to easily migrate from our previous solution to EC2 Mac instances in three days. The setup has been very reliable, and we also enjoy the flexibility to use either command line or screen sharing. Build times have reduced from 20 minutes to 5 minutes. UI automation tests that used to take 3 hours now take less than 1 hour.”
- Colin Caufield
Lead iOS Engineer, Flipboard
“We migrated our entire client build farm and Unity CI/CD to EC2 Mac instances to consolidate our build pipeline, take advantage of build automation, leverage CI/CD tooling such as Jenkins and TeamCity, and speed up build times. Now, we were thrilled that our Unity builds are 400 percent faster.”
- Carla Dreyer
Senior Manager of DevOps Engineering, The Pokémon Company International
"We’re experiencing up to 30 percent better performance over our data center infrastructure, thanks to elastic capacity expansion, and a high availability setup leveraging multiple zones. We’re now running around 80 percent of our production builds on EC2 Mac instances."
- Pratik Wadher
VP of Product Development, Intuit
“We consolidated our entire build pipeline on AWS (Windows, Linux, and now macOS). Our build pipeline currently supports ~100 builds per day, up to 3,000 builds per month, and our source control has over 270K commits to-date. With EC2 Mac instances, our build pipeline delivers a complete end-to-end cross-platform build process for Unity CI/CD in the AWS cloud."
- Guy Kisel
Staff Software Engineer, LoR, Riot Games
The Pokémon Company International
The Pokémon Company International