How to improve security incident investigations using Amazon Detective finding groups
Uncovering the root cause of an Amazon GuardDuty finding can be a complex task, requiring security operations center (SOC) analysts to collect a variety of logs, correlate information across logs, and determine the full scope of affected resources.
Sometimes you need to do this type of in-depth analysis because investigating individual security findings in insolation doesn’t always capture the full impact of affected resources.
With Amazon Detective, you can analyze and visualize various logs and relationships between AWS entities to streamline your investigation. In this post, you will learn how to use a feature of Detective—finding groups—to simplify and expedite the investigation of a GuardDuty finding.
Detective uses machine learning, statistical analysis, and graph theory to generate visualizations that help you to conduct faster and more efficient security investigations. The finding groups feature reduces triage time and provides a clear view of related GuardDuty findings. With finding groups, you can investigate entities and security findings that might have been overlooked in isolation. Finding groups also map GuardDuty findings and their relevant tactics, techniques, and procedures to the MITRE ATT&CK framework. By using MITRE ATT&CK, you can better understand the event lifecycle of a finding group.
Finding groups are automatically enabled for both existing and new customers in AWS Regions that support Detective. There is no additional charge for finding groups. If you don’t currently use Detective, you can start a free 30-day trial.
Use finding groups to simplify an investigation
Because finding groups are enabled by default, you start your investigation by simply navigating to the Detective console. You will see these finding groups in two different places: the Summary and the Finding groups pages. On the Finding groups overview page, you can also use the search capability to look for collected metadata for finding groups, such as severity, title, finding group ID, observed tactics, AWS accounts, entities, finding ID, and status. The entities information can help you narrow down finding groups that are more relevant for specific workloads.
Figure 1 shows the finding groups area on the Summary page in the Amazon Detective console, which provides high-level information on some of the individual finding groups.
Figure 2 shows the Finding groups overview page, with a list of finding groups filtered by status. The finding group shown has a status of Active.
You can choose the finding group title to see details like the severity of the finding group, the status, scope time, parent or child finding groups, and the observed tactics from the MITRE ATT&CK framework. Figure 3 shows a specific finding group details page.
Below the finding group details, you can review the entities and associated findings for this finding group, as shown in Figure 4. From the Involved entities tab, you can pivot to the entity profile pages for more details about that entity’s behavior. From the Involved findings tab, you can select a finding to review the details pane.
In Figure 4, the search functionality on the Involved entities tab is being used to look at involved entities that are of type AWS role or EC2 instance. With such a search filter in Detective, you have more data in a single place to understand which Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances and AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles were involved in the GuardDuty finding and what findings were associated with each entity. You can also select these different entities to see more details. With finding groups, you no longer have to craft specific log searches or search for the AWS resources and entities that you should investigate. Detective has done this correlation for you, which reduces the triage time and provides a more comprehensive investigation.
With the release of finding groups, Detective infers relationships between findings and groups them together, providing a more convenient starting point for investigations. Detective has evolved from helping you determine which resources are related to a single entity (for example, what EC2 instances are communicating with a malicious IP), to correlating multiple related findings together and showing what MITRE tactics are aligned across those findings, helping you better understand a more advanced single security event.
In this blog post, we showed how you can use Detective finding groups to simplify security investigations through grouping related GuardDuty findings and AWS entities, which provides a more comprehensive view of the lifecycle of the potential security incident. Finding groups are automatically enabled for both existing and new customers in AWS Regions that support Detective. There is no additional charge for finding groups. If you don’t currently use Detective, you can start a free 30-day trial. For more information on finding groups, see Analyzing finding groups in the Amazon Detective User Guide.
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