Comparing Redis and Memcached
Choosing between Redis and Memcached
Redis and Memcached are popular, open-source, in-memory data stores. Although they are both easy to use and offer high performance, there are important differences to consider when choosing an engine. Memcached is designed for simplicity while Redis offers a rich set of features that make it effective for a wide range of use cases. Understand your requirements and what each engine offers to decide which solution better meets your needs.
|Developer ease of use
|Support for a broad set of programming languages||Yes||Yes|
|Advanced data structures||-||Yes|
Both Redis and Memcached support sub-millisecond response times. By storing data in-memory they can read data more quickly than disk based databases.
Developer ease of use
Both Redis and Memcached are syntactically easy to use and require a minimal amount of code to integrate into your application.
Both Redis and Memcached allow you to distribute your data among multiple nodes. This allows you to scale out to better handle more data when demand grows.
Support for a broad set of programming languages
Advanced data structures
In addition to strings, Redis supports lists, sets, sorted sets, hashes, bit arrays, and hyperloglogs. Applications can use these more advanced data structures to support a variety of use cases. For example, you can use Redis Sorted Sets to easily implement a game leaderboard that keeps a list of players sorted by their rank.
Since Memcached is multithreaded, it can make use of multiple processing cores. This means that you can handle more operations by scaling up compute capacity.
With Redis you can keep your data on disk with a point in time snapshot which can be used for archiving or recovery.
Redis lets you create multiple replicas of a Redis primary. This allows you to scale database reads and to have highly available clusters.
Redis supports transactions which let you execute a group of commands as an isolated and atomic operation.
Redis supports Pub/Sub messaging with pattern matching which you can use for high performance chat rooms, real-time comment streams, social media feeds, and server intercommunication.
Redis allows you to execute transactional Lua scripts. Scripts can help you boost performance and simplify your application.
Redis has purpose-built commands for working with real-time geospatial data at scale. You can perform operations like finding the distance between two elements (for example people or places) and finding all elements within a given distance of a point.
- No longer need to perform management tasks such as hardware provisioning, software patching, setup, configuration, and failure recovery. This allows you to focus on high value application development.
- Have access to monitoring metrics associated with your nodes, enabling you to diagnose and react to issues quickly.
- Can take advantage of cost-efficient and resizable hardware capacity.
Additonally, ElastiCache for Redis features an enhanced engine which improves on the reliability and efficiency of open source Redis while remaining Redis-compatible so your existing Redis applications work seamlessly without changes. ElastiCache for Redis also features Online Cluster Resizing, supports encryption, and is HIPAA eligible and PCI DSS compliant.
ElastiCache for Memcached features Auto Discovery which helps developers save time and effort by simplifying the way an application connects to a cluster.
Read the more detailed comparison between ElastiCache for Redis and Elasticache for Memcached for further information about differences between the two products.