Amazon S3 offers a range of storage classes that you can choose from based on the data access, resiliency, and cost requirements of your workloads. S3 storage classes are purpose-built to provide the lowest cost storage for different access patterns. S3 storage classes are ideal for virtually any use case, including those with demanding performance needs, data residency requirements, unknown or changing access patterns, or archival storage.

The S3 storage classes include S3 Intelligent-Tiering for automatic cost savings for data with unknown or changing access patterns; S3 Standard for frequently accessed data; S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) and S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA) for less frequently accessed data; S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval for archive data that needs immediate access, S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval (formerly S3 Glacier) for rarely accessed long-term data that does not require immediate access, and Amazon S3 Glacier Deep Archive (S3 Glacier Deep Archive) for long-term archive and digital preservation with retrieval in hours at the lowest cost storage in the cloud. If you have data residency requirements that can’t be met by an existing AWS Region, you can use the S3 Outposts storage class to store your S3 data on premises. Amazon S3 also offers capabilities to manage your data throughout its lifecycle. Once an S3 Lifecycle policy is set, your data will automatically transfer to a different storage class without any changes to your application.

View Amazon S3 storage classes overview infographic »

General purpose

Amazon S3 Standard (S3 Standard)

S3 Standard offers high durability, availability, and performance object storage for frequently accessed data. Because it delivers low latency and high throughput, S3 Standard is appropriate for a wide variety of use cases, including cloud applications, dynamic websites, content distribution, mobile and gaming applications, and big data analytics. S3 Storage Classes can be configured at the object level and a single bucket can contain objects stored across S3 Standard, S3 Intelligent-Tiering, S3 Standard-IA, and S3 One Zone-IA. You can also use S3 Lifecycle policies to automatically transition objects between storage classes without any application changes.

Key Features:

  • Low latency and high throughput performance
  • Designed for durability of 99.999999999% of objects across multiple Availability Zones
  • Resilient against events that impact an entire Availability Zone
  • Designed for 99.99% availability over a given year
  • Backed with the Amazon S3 Service Level Agreement for availability
  • Supports SSL for data in transit and encryption of data at rest
  • S3 Lifecycle management for automatic migration of objects to other S3 Storage Classes  

Unknown or changing access

Amazon S3 Intelligent-Tiering (S3 Intelligent-Tiering)

Amazon S3 Intelligent-Tiering (S3 Intelligent-Tiering) is the first cloud storage that automatically reduces your storage costs on a granular object level by automatically moving data to the most cost-effective access tier based on access frequency, without performance impact, retrieval fees, or operational overhead. S3 Intelligent-Tiering delivers milliseconds latency and high throughput performance for frequently, infrequently, and rarely accessed data in the Frequent, Infrequent, and Archive Instant Access tiers. You can use S3 Intelligent-Tiering as the default storage class for virtually any workload, especially data lakes, data analytics, new applications, and user-generated content.

For a small monthly object monitoring and automation charge, S3 Intelligent-Tiering monitors access patterns and automatically moves objects that have not been accessed to lower-cost access tiers. S3 Intelligent-Tiering automatically stores objects in three access tiers: one tier that is optimized for frequent access, a 40% lower-cost tier that is optimized for infrequent access, and a 68% lower-cost tier optimized for rarely accessed data. S3 Intelligent-Tiering monitors access patterns and moves objects that have not been accessed for 30 consecutive days to the Infrequent Access tier and after 90 days of no access to the Archive Instant Access tier. For data that does not require immediate retrieval, you can set-up S3 Intelligent-Tiering to monitor and automatically move objects that aren’t accessed for 180 days or more to the Deep Archive Access tier to realize up to 95% in storage cost savings.

There are no retrieval charges in S3 Intelligent-Tiering. If an object in the Infrequent or Archive Instant Access tier is accessed later, it’s automatically moved back to the Frequent Access tier. If the object you’re retrieving is stored in the optional Deep Archive tiers, before you can retrieve the object, you must first restore a copy using RestoreObject.  For information about restoring archived objects, see Restoring Archived Objects. No additional tiering charges apply when objects are moved between access tiers within the S3 Intelligent-Tiering storage class.

Key Features:

  • Frequent, Infrequent, and Archive Instant Access tiers have the same low-latency and high-throughput performance of S3 Standard
  • The Infrequent Access tier saves up to 40% on storage costs
  • The Archive Instant Access tier saves up to 68% on storage costs
  • Opt-in asynchronous archive capabilities for objects that become rarely accessed
  • Deep Archive Access tier has the same performance as Glacier Deep Archive and saves up to 95% for rarely accessed objects
  • Designed for durability of 99.999999999% of objects across multiple Availability Zones and for 99.9% availability over a given year
  • Backed with the Amazon S3 Service Level Agreement for availability
  • Small monthly monitoring and auto tiering charge
  • No operational overhead, no lifecycle charges, no retrieval charges, and no minimum storage duration
  • Objects smaller than 128KB can be stored in S3 Intelligent-Tiering but will always be charged at the Frequent Access tier rates, and are not charged the monitoring and automation charge.

Infrequent access

Amazon S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA)

S3 Standard-IA is for data that is accessed less frequently, but requires rapid access when needed. S3 Standard-IA offers the high durability, high throughput, and low latency of S3 Standard, with a low per GB storage price and per GB retrieval charge. This combination of low cost and high performance make S3 Standard-IA ideal for long-term storage, backups, and as a data store for disaster recovery files. S3 Storage Classes can be configured at the object level and a single bucket can contain objects stored across S3 Standard, S3 Intelligent-Tiering, S3 Standard-IA, and S3 One Zone-IA. You can also use S3 Lifecycle policies to automatically transition objects between storage classes without any application changes.

Key Features:

  • Same low latency and high throughput performance of S3 Standard
  • Designed for durability of 99.999999999% of objects across multiple Availability Zones
  • Resilient against events that impact an entire Availability Zone
  • Data is resilient in the event of one entire Availability Zone destruction
  • Designed for 99.9% availability over a given year
  • Backed with the Amazon S3 Service Level Agreement for availability
  • Supports SSL for data in transit and encryption of data at rest
  • S3 Lifecycle management for automatic migration of objects to other S3 Storage Classes

Amazon S3 One Zone-Infrequent Access (S3 One Zone-IA)

S3 One Zone-IA is for data that is accessed less frequently, but requires rapid access when needed. Unlike other S3 Storage Classes which store data in a minimum of three Availability Zones (AZs), S3 One Zone-IA stores data in a single AZ and costs 20% less than S3 Standard-IA. S3 One Zone-IA is ideal for customers who want a lower-cost option for infrequently accessed data but do not require the availability and resilience of S3 Standard or S3 Standard-IA. It’s a good choice for storing secondary backup copies of on-premises data or easily re-creatable data. You can also use it as cost-effective storage for data that is replicated from another AWS Region using S3 Cross-Region Replication.

S3 One Zone-IA offers the same high durability†, high throughput, and low latency of S3 Standard, with a low per GB storage price and per GB retrieval charge. S3 Storage Classes can be configured at the object level, and a single bucket can contain objects stored across S3 Standard, S3 Intelligent-Tiering, S3 Standard-IA, and S3 One Zone-IA. You can also use S3 Lifecycle policies to automatically transition objects between storage classes without any application changes.

Key Features:

  • Same low latency and high throughput performance of S3 Standard
  • Designed for durability of 99.999999999% of objects in a single Availability Zone†
  • Designed for 99.5% availability over a given year
  • Backed with the Amazon S3 Service Level Agreement for availability
  • Supports SSL for data in transit and encryption of data at rest
  • S3 Lifecycle management for automatic migration of objects to other S3 Storage Classes

† Because S3 One Zone-IA stores data in a single AWS Availability Zone, data stored in this storage class will be lost in the event of Availability Zone destruction.

Archive

The Amazon S3 Glacier storage classes are purpose-built for data archiving, and are designed to provide you with the highest performance, the most retrieval flexibility, and the lowest cost archive storage in the cloud. You can choose from three archive storage classes optimized for different access patterns and storage duration. For archive data that needs immediate access, such as medical images, news media assets, or genomics data, choose the S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval storage class, an archive storage class that delivers the lowest cost storage with milliseconds retrieval. For archive data that does not require immediate access but needs the flexibility to retrieve large sets of data at no cost, such as backup or disaster recovery use cases, choose S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval (formerly S3 Glacier), with retrieval in minutes or free bulk retrievals in 5-12 hours. To save even more on long-lived archive storage such as compliance archives and digital media preservation, choose S3 Glacier Deep Archive, the lowest cost storage in the cloud with data retrieval from 12-48 hours.

Amazon S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval storage class

Amazon S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval is an archive storage class that delivers the lowest-cost storage for long-lived data that is rarely accessed and requires retrieval in milliseconds. With S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval, you can save up to 68% on storage costs compared to using the S3 Standard-Infrequent Access (S3 Standard-IA) storage class, when your data is accessed once per quarter. S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval delivers the fastest access to archive storage, with the same throughput and milliseconds access as the S3 Standard and S3 Standard-IA storage classes. S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval is ideal for archive data that needs immediate access, such as medical images, news media assets, or user-generated content archives. You can upload objects directly to S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval, or use S3 Lifecycle policies to transfer data from the S3 storage classes. For more information, visit the Amazon S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval page »

Key Features:

  • Data retrieval in milliseconds with the same performance as S3 Standard
  • Designed for durability of 99.999999999% of objects across multiple Availability Zones
  • Data is resilient in the event of the destruction of one entire Availability Zone
  • Designed for 99.9% data availability in a given year
  • 128 KB minimum object size
  • Backed with the Amazon S3 Service Level Agreement for availability
  • S3 PUT API for direct uploads to S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval, and S3 Lifecycle management for automatic migration of objects
Amazon S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval (Formerly S3 Glacier) storage class

S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval delivers low-cost storage, up to 10% lower cost (than S3 Glacier Instant Retrieval), for archive data that is accessed 1-2 times per year and is retrieved asynchronously. For archive data that does not require immediate access but needs the flexibility to retrieve large sets of data at no cost, such as backup or disaster recovery use cases, S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval (formerly S3 Glacier) is the ideal storage class. S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval delivers the most flexible retrieval options that balance cost with access times ranging from minutes to hours and with free bulk retrievals. It is an ideal solution for backup, disaster recovery, offsite data storage needs, and for when some data occasionally need to be retrieved in minutes, and you don’t want to worry about costs. S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval is designed for 99.999999999% (11 9s) of data durability and 99.99% availability by redundantly storing data across multiple physically separated AWS Availability Zones in a given year. For more information, visit the Amazon S3 Glacier storage classes page »

Key Features:

  • Designed for durability of 99.999999999% of objects across multiple Availability Zones
  • Data is resilient in the event of one entire Availability Zone destruction
  • Supports SSL for data in transit and encryption of data at rest
  • Ideal for backup and disaster recovery use cases when large sets of data occasionally need to be retrieved in minutes, without concern for costs
  • Configurable retrieval times, from minutes to hours, with free bulk retrievals
  • S3 PUT API for direct uploads to S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval, and S3 Lifecycle management for automatic migration of objects

Amazon S3 Glacier Deep Archive (S3 Glacier Deep Archive)

S3 Glacier Deep Archive is Amazon S3’s lowest-cost storage class and supports long-term retention and digital preservation for data that may be accessed once or twice in a year. It is designed for customers — particularly those in highly-regulated industries, such as the Financial Services, Healthcare, and Public Sectors — that retain data sets for 7-10 years or longer to meet regulatory compliance requirements. S3 Glacier Deep Archive can also be used for backup and disaster recovery use cases, and is a cost-effective and easy-to-manage alternative to magnetic tape systems, whether they are on-premises libraries or off-premises services. S3 Glacier Deep Archive complements Amazon S3 Glacier, which is ideal for archives where data is regularly retrieved and some of the data may be needed in minutes. All objects stored in S3 Glacier Deep Archive are replicated and stored across at least three geographically-dispersed Availability Zones, protected by 99.999999999% of durability, and can be restored within 12 hours.

Key Features:

  • Designed for durability of 99.999999999% of objects across multiple Availability Zones
  • Lowest cost storage class designed for long-term retention of data that will be retained for 7-10 years
  • Ideal alternative to magnetic tape libraries
  • Retrieval time within 12 hours
  • S3 PUT API for direct uploads to S3 Glacier Deep Archive, and S3 Lifecycle management for automatic migration of objects

S3 on Outposts

S3 Outposts storage class

Amazon S3 on Outposts delivers object storage to your on-premises AWS Outposts environment. Using the S3 APIs and features available in AWS Regions today, S3 on Outposts makes it easy to store and retrieve data on your Outpost, as well as secure the data, control access, tag, and report on it. S3 on Outposts provides a single Amazon S3 storage class, named S3 Outposts, which uses the S3 APIs, and is designed to durably and redundantly store data across multiple devices and servers on your Outposts. S3 Outposts storage class is ideal for workloads with local data residency requirements, and to satisfy demanding performance needs by keeping data close to on-premises applications.

Key Features:

  • S3 Object compatibility and bucket management through the S3 SDK
  • Designed to durably and redundantly store data on your Outposts
  • Encryption using SSE-S3 and SSE-C
  • Authentication and authorization using IAM, and S3 Access Points
  • Transfer data to AWS Regions using AWS DataSync
  • S3 Lifecycle expiration actions

Performance across the S3 Storage Classes

  S3 Standard S3 Intelligent-Tiering*
S3 Standard-IA
S3 One Zone-IA†
S3 Glacier
Instant Retrieval
S3 Glacier Flexible Retrieval S3 Glacier
Deep Archive
Designed for durability
99.999999999%
(11 9’s)
99.999999999%
(11 9’s)
99.999999999%
(11 9’s)
99.999999999%
(11 9’s)
99.999999999%
(11 9’s)
99.999999999%
(11 9’s)
99.999999999%
(11 9’s)
Designed for availability
99.99% 99.9% 99.9% 99.5% 99.9% 99.99% 99.99%
Availability SLA 99.9% 99% 99% 99% 99%
99.% 99.9%
Availability Zones ≥3 ≥3 ≥3 1 ≥3 ≥3 ≥3
Minimum capacity charge per object N/A N/A 128 KB 128 KB 128 KB 40 KB 40 KB
Minimum storage duration charge N/A N/A 30 days 30 days 90 days 90 days 180 days
Retrieval charge N/A
N/A
per GB retrieved
per GB retrieved per GB retrieved per GB retrieved per GB retrieved
First byte latency milliseconds milliseconds milliseconds milliseconds milliseconds minutes or hours hours
Storage type Object Object Object Object Object Object Object
Lifecycle transitions Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

† Because S3 One Zone-IA stores data in a single AWS Availability Zone, data stored in this storage class will be lost in the event of Availability Zone destruction.

* S3 Intelligent-Tiering charges a small monitoring and automation charge, and has a minimum eligible object size of 128KB for auto-tiering. Smaller objects may be stored, but will always be charged at the Frequent Access tier rates, and are not charged the monitoring and automation charge. See the Amazon S3 Pricing for more information.

** Standard retrievals in archive access tier and deep archive access tier are free. Using the S3 console, you can pay for expedited retrievals if you need faster access to your data from the archive access tiers.

*** S3 Intelligent-Tiering first byte latency for frequent and infrequent access tier is milliseconds access time, and the archive access and deep archive access tiers first byte latency is minutes or hours.

Ready to get started?

Standard Product Icons (Features) Squid Ink
Learn more about product pricing

Pay only for what you use. There is no minimum fee.

Learn more 
Sign up for a free account
Sign up for a free account

Instantly get access to the AWS Free Tier and start experimenting with Amazon S3. 

Sign up 
Standard Product Icons (Start Building) Squid Ink
Start building in the console

Get started building with Amazon S3 in the AWS Console.

Get started