Unmatched security, compliance, and audit capabilities
Store your data in Amazon S3 and secure it from unauthorized access with encryption features and access management tools. S3 is the only object storage service that allows you to block public access to all of your objects at the bucket or the account level with S3 Block Public Access. S3 maintains compliance programs, such as PCI-DSS, HIPAA/HITECH, FedRAMP, EU Data Protection Directive, and FISMA, to help you meet regulatory requirements. AWS also supports numerous auditing capabilities to monitor access requests to your S3 resources.
Amazon S3 security and access management
To protect your data in Amazon S3, by default, users only have access to the S3 resources they create. You can grant access to other users by using one or a combination of the following access management features: AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) to create users and manage their respective access; Access Control Lists (ACLs) to make individual objects accessible to authorized users; bucket policies to configure permissions for all objects within a single S3 bucket; and Query String Authentication to grant time-limited access to others with temporary URLs. Amazon S3 also supports Audit Logs that list the requests made against your S3 resources for complete visibility into who is accessing what data.
Block Public Access
With a few clicks in the S3 management console, you can apply S3 Block Public Access to every bucket in your account—both existing and any new buckets created in the future—and make sure that there is no public access to any object. S3 Block Public Access settings override S3 permissions that allow public access, making it easy for the account administrator to set up a centralized control to prevent variation in security configuration regardless of how an object is added or a bucket is created.
Amazon S3 Object Lock blocks object version deletion during a customer-defined retention period so that you can enforce retention policies as an added layer of data protection or for regulatory compliance. You can migrate workloads from existing write-once-read-many (WORM) systems into Amazon S3, and configure S3 Object Lock at the object- and bucket-levels to prevent object version deletions prior to pre-defined Retain Until Dates or Legal Hold Dates.
Amazon S3 Object Ownership disables Access Control Lists (ACLs), changing ownership for all objects to the bucket owner and simplifying access management for data stored in S3. When you configure the S3 Object Ownership Bucket owner enforced setting, ACLs will no longer affect permissions for your bucket and the objects in it. All access control will be defined using resource-based policies, user policies, or some combination of these. For more information, see Controlling Object Ownership.
Identity and Access Management
By default, all Amazon S3 resources—buckets, objects, and related subresources—are private: only the resource owner, an AWS account that created it, can access the resource. Amazon S3 offers access policy options broadly categorized as resource-based policies and user policies. You may choose to use resource-based policies, user policies, or some combination of these to manage permissions to your Amazon S3 resources. By default, an S3 object is owned by the account that created the object, including when this account is different than the bucket owner. You can use S3 Object Ownership to disable Access Control Lists and change this behavior. If you do, each object in a bucket is owned by the bucket owner. For more information, see Identity and access management in Amazon S3.
Discover and protect sensitive data at scale in Amazon S3 with Amazon Macie. Macie automatically provides you with a full inventory of your S3 buckets by scanning buckets to identify and categorize the data. You receive actionable security findings enumerating any data that fits these sensitive data types, including personal identifiable information (PII) (e.g. customer names and credit cards numbers), and categories defined by privacy regulations, such as GDPR and HIPAA. Macie also automatically and continually evaluates bucket-level preventative controls for any buckets that are unencrypted, publicly accessible, or shared with accounts outside of your organization, allowing you to quickly address unintended settings on buckets.
Amazon S3 supports both server-side encryption (with three key management options: SSE-KMS, SSE-C, SSE-S3) and client-side encryption for data uploads. Amazon S3 offers flexible security features to block unauthorized users from accessing your data. Use VPC endpoints to connect to S3 resources from your Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC). Use S3 Inventory to check the encryption status of your S3 objects (see storage management for more information on S3 Inventory).
AWS Trusted Advisor
Trusted Advisor inspects your AWS environment and then makes recommendations when opportunities exist to help close security gaps.
Trusted Advisor has the following Amazon S3-related checks: logging configuration of Amazon S3 buckets, security checks for Amazon S3 buckets that have open access permissions, and fault tolerance checks for Amazon S3 buckets that don't have versioning enabled, or have versioning suspended.
AWS PrivateLink for S3
Access Amazon S3 directly as a private endpoint within your secure, virtual network with AWS PrivateLink for S3. Simplify your network architecture by connecting to S3 from on-premises or in the cloud using private IP addresses from your Virtual Private Cloud (VPC). You no longer need to use public IPs, configure firewall rules, or configure an internet gateway to access S3 from on-premises.
Verify data integrity
Choose from four supported checksum algorithms (SHA-1, SHA-256, CRC32, or CRC32C) to check data integrity on your upload and download requests. Automatically calculate and verify checksums as you store or retrieve data from Amazon S3, and access the checksum information at any time using the GetObjectAttributes S3 API or an S3 Inventory report.
How it works
AWS PrivateLink for Amazon S3
S3 Block Public Access
Amazon GuardDuty for S3
AWS PrivateLink for Amazon S3
Establish a direct private connection from on-premises to Amazon S3. To get started, please read the AWS PrivateLink for S3 documentation.
Discover and protect your sensitive data at scale. To get started with Amazon Macie, visit the website.
S3 Block Public Access
Block all public access to Amazon S3 now, and in the future. To learn more about S3 Block Public Access, visit the webpage.
Amazon GuardDuty for S3
Protect your Amazon S3 data with intelligent threat detection and continuous monitoring. To learn more about Amazon GuardDuty for Amazon S3, visit the webpage.
Security and access management best practices and tutorials
At creation and by default, all S3 resources are private and can only be accessed by the resource owner or account administrator. This security design lets you configure finely-tuned access policies that align to organizational, governance, security, and compliance requirements. You can use S3 Block Public Access to restrict all access requests to your data. S3 also lets you choose among different encryption options. Watch the videos below to learn more.
S3 Encryption options
Developer guide: Protecting data using encryption »
(with details for server-side and client-side options)
S3 Security blogs
AWS News Blog
Amazon Macie now with substantially reduced pricing
Amazon Macie is a fully managed service that helps you discover and protect your sensitive data, using machine learning to automatically spot and classify data for you. Now with simplified pricing: you are now charged based on the number of S3 buckets that are evaluated, and the amount of data processed for sensitive data discovery jobs.
AWS News Blog
S3 Block Public Access - Protection for accounts and buckets
Amazon S3 Block Public Access provides a new level of protection that works at the account level and also on individual buckets, including those that you create in the future. You have the ability to block existing public access (whether it was specified by an ACL or a policy) and to ensure that public access is not granted to newly created items.
Werner Vogels' Blog
Providing security at scale with automated reasoning
Zelkova powers the Amazon S3 Block Public Access feature. Block Public Access disables public access control lists (ACLs) on buckets and objects in Amazon S3. It also prevents bucket policies that would allow public access. For existing policies that allow public access, the feature disallows access from outside of the bucket's account.
AWS Storage Blog
Amazon S3 Block Public Access and S3 Object Lock
One of the reasons S3 has been so successful is our focus on data security right from the beginning. We continuously invest to raise the bar on security for storage, and work with customers to meet ever-increasing security needs while holding true to our mission to keep storage simple.