Amazon Redshift On-Demand pricing has no upfront costs - you simply pay an hourly rate based on the type and number of nodes in your cluster. You can save up to 75% over On-Demand rates by committing to use Amazon Redshift for a 1 or 3 year term. Prices are based on compressed data, and customers typically seeing 3x compression. Prices include two additional copies of your data, one on the cluster nodes and one in Amazon S3. We take care of backup, durability, availability, security, monitoring, and maintenance for you.
Our Dense Storage (DS) nodes allow you to create large data warehouses using hard disk drives (HDDs) for a low price point. Dense Compute (DC) nodes allow you to create high performance data warehouses using fast CPUs, large amounts of RAM and solid-state disks (SSDs). If you have less than 500GB of data, your most cost-effective and highest performance option is Dense Compute nodes. Above 500GB, if your primary focus is performance, you can continue with Dense Compute nodes up to hundreds of compressed terabytes for $5,500/TB/Year (3 Year Partial Upfront Reserved Instance pricing). If you want to reduce costs or need to scale further, you can switch to our larger, more cost-effective Dense Storage nodes, and scale to over a petabyte of compressed data for under $1,000/TB/Year (3 Year Partial Upfront Reserved Instance pricing). Scaling your cluster or switching between node types requires a single API call or a few clicks in the AWS Console.
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Pay for capacity by the hour with no commitments or upfront fees. This frees you from planning and purchasing data warehouse capacity ahead of your needs, enabling you to spin up and tear down environments for development or test purposes.
Reserved Instances (a.k.a. Reserved Nodes) are appropriate for steady-state production workloads, and offer significant discounts over On-Demand pricing. Customers typically purchase Reserved Instances after running experiments and POCs to validate production configurations. To purchase these offerings visit the Reserved Nodes tab in our Console.
No Upfront – You pay nothing upfront, and commit to pay hourly over the course of one year at a 20% discount over On-Demand. This option is only offered for a one year term.
Partial Upfront – The same as our previous Heavy Utilization Reserved Instance offering. You pay a portion of the Reserved Instance upfront, and the remainder over a one or three year term. The discount over On-Demand is up to 41% for a one year term and up to 73% for a three year term.
All Upfront – You pay for the entire Reserved Instance term (one or three years) with one upfront payment. This is your cheapest option, with a discount of up to 42% for a one year term and up to 75% for a three year term compared to On-Demand.
Reserved Instances are a billing concept and are not used to create data warehouse clusters. When you make a purchase you will be charged the associated upfront and hourly fees even if you are not currently running a cluster.
* The Monthly rate below the actual hourly rate multiplied by the average number of hours per month.
** The Effective Hourly rate below is the amortized hourly cost of the instance over the entire term, including any upfront payment.
For On-Demand, the effective price per TB per year is the hourly price for the instance, times the number of hours in a year, divided by the number of TB per instance. For Reserved Instances, you add the upfront payment to the hourly rate times the number of hours in the term, and divide by the number of years in the term and number of TB per node.
Backup storage is the storage associated with your automated and manual snapshots for your data warehouse. Increasing your backup retention period or taking additional snapshots increases the backup storage consumed by your data warehouse. There is no additional charge for backup storage up to 100% of your provisioned storage for an active data warehouse cluster. For example, if you have an active single XL node cluster with 2TB of storage, we will provide up to 2TB-Month of backup storage at no additional charge. Backup storage beyond the provisioned storage size and backups stored after your cluster is terminated are billed at standard Amazon S3 rates.
Amazon Redshift does not charge for data transfer. In particular, you will not incur charges for data transferred between Amazon Redshift and Amazon S3 for backup, restore, load, or unload operations. However, if you run your Amazon Redshift clusters in Amazon VPC, you will see a charge from AWS at standard AWS Data Transfer rates for the data transferred over JDBC/ODBC to your Amazon Redshift cluster endpoint.