Landsat 8 data is available for anyone to use via Amazon S3. All Landsat 8 scenes from 2015 are available along with a selection of cloud-free scenes from 2013 and 2014. All new Landsat 8 scenes are made available each day, often within hours of production. The satellite images the entire Earth every 16 days at a roughly 30 meter resolution.

Image from Landsat 8 satellite, courtesy of the U.S. Geological Survey

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The Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) is a network of 160 high-resolution Doppler radar sites that detects precipitation and atmospheric movement and disseminates data in approximately five minute intervals from each site. NEXRAD enables severe storm prediction and is used by researchers and commercial enterprises to study and address the impact of weather across multiple sectors.

Image from NEXRAD data

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SpaceNet is a corpus of high-resolution satellite imagery and labeled training data for researchers to utilize to develop and train machine learning algorithms. The data set is made up of roughly 1,990 square kilometers of imagery at 50 cm resolution and 220,594 corresponding building footprints.

Image from SpaceNet program

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The National Agriculture Imagery Program (NAIP) acquires aerial imagery during the agricultural growing seasons in the continental U.S. Roughly one meter aerial imagery (Red, Green, Blue, NIR) is available for multiple years on Amazon S3.

Image from National Agriculture Imagery Program

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Digital Elevation Models (DEM) provide a way to examine the elevation of the Earth’s surface and are available as terrain raster tiles on Amazon S3. Global coverage is provided and in the United States, 10 meter National Elevation Data (NED) data now augments the earlier NED 3 meter and 30 meter Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data for crisper, more consistent mountain detail.

Image of Digital Elevation Model data

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The GDELT Project monitors the world's broadcast, print, and web news from nearly every corner of every country in over 100 languages and identifies the people, locations, organizations, counts, themes, sources, emotions, counts, quotes, images and events driving our global society every second of every day.

Image from GDELT Project

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The NASA Earth Exchange (NEX) makes it easier and more efficient for researchers to access and process earth science data. NEX datasets available on Amazon S3 include downscaled climate projections, global MODIS vegetation indices, and Landsat Global Land Survey data.

Image from NASA

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OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a free, editable map of the world, created and maintained by volunteers and available for use under an open license, now on Amazon S3. Anyone can use OSM to provide maps, directions, and geographic context to users around the world, building on top of its several billion user-contributed features.

Image © OpenStreetMap contributors

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The Sentinel-2 mission is a land monitoring constellation that provides high resolution optical imagery. The mission will provide a global coverage of the Earth's land surface every 10 days at resolutions up to 10 meters. Data are added regularly, usually within few hours after they are available on the Sentinel Scientific Hub.

Image from Sentinel-2

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Pre and post event high-resolution satellite imagery in support of emergency planning, risk assessment, monitoring of staging areas and emergency response, damage assessment, and recovery. Also incudes crowdsourced damage assessments for major, sudden onset disasters.

Image from DigitalGlobe

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Below you will find both videos and articles explaining how Earth Observation data on AWS can be used in your startup, enterprise, or research institution.

  • Videos

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    Earth Observation on AWS

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    Earth Observation Data Revolution

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    ArcGIS for Earth Observation in the Cloud

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    Cloud Computing and the Geospatial Sciences

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    2016-ag-day-farmlogs
    How Technology is Enabling a New Era of Farming

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    Geospatial Big Data with DigitalGlobe

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    Planet on AWS

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    Emerging Hotspots of Global Tree Cover Loss

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    NOAA Big Data Project

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    How Mapbox Does Earth

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    Big Data Infrastructure for Data Driven Agriculture

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    Earth Observation in the Cloud using ENVI
  • Articles

    A look at how Sinergise is using AWS to find innovative ways to process the already more than 200TB of data coming from Sentinel-2 satellite.

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    Zooniverse aggregates data from 1.4M volunteers and 65 full time researchers analyze all of this data to derive value from it in an effort to reduce the impact of disasters.

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    An exploration of how the University of Oklahoma uses NEXRAD data on AWS to study migrating flocks of birds.

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    Exploring how Conservation International opened up 60 datasets for governments and scientists, over 12TB of data.

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    More and more, research in the areas of climate change, agricultural resilience and space exploration rely on access to computing resources in the cloud. Because the cloud makes it easy to share massive amounts of data and allows them to only pay for the computing resources they need, they can accelerate their pace of research while reducing costs.

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    A look at how NOAA has opened up NEXRAD, a network of 160 high-resolution Doppler radar sites that enables severe storm prediction and is used by researchers and commercial enterprises to study and address the impact of weather across multiple sectors.

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    Planet OS talks about their OpenNEX Climate Data Access Tool, which allows users to generate custom datasets from the NASA Earth Exchange GDDP and DCP-30 data. With this tool, Planet OS is helping the NASA Earth Exchange team make these valuable climate datasets accessible to the masses

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    Mapzen gathered elevation data from various public sources and is making it easy for startups, enterprises, and research institutions to access and use via Amazon S3. These digital elevation models (DEMs) provide a powerful way to examine the elevation of the Earth’s surface. You can read a Q&A we conducted with Mapzen about this dataset.

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AWS Cloud Credits for Research are available for anyone to conduct research using Earth Observation data on AWS. Students, educators, and researchers are key drivers of technological innovation and we want to support new advances in the field.

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AWS Marketplace has dozens of geospatial, GIS and location-based applications that can benefit your routing, planning, predictive modeling and mapping to deliver richer and more meaningful solutions. Easily launch intelligent location and mapping solutions into your AWS account and start understanding the world around you in a new way.

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