AWS Local Zones are a type of AWS infrastructure deployment that place compute, storage, database, and other select services closer to large population, industry, and IT centers, enabling you to deliver applications that require single-digit millisecond latency to end users.

AWS services

You can use AWS Local Zones to run various AWS services such as Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2), Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (Amazon VPC), Amazon Elastic Block Store (Amazon EBS), Amazon FSx, Elastic Load Balancing (ELB), Amazon EMR, Amazon ElastiCache, and Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) in geographic proximity to your end users, with more services to be added in the future. You can also use On-Demand Capacity Reservation to reserve capacity for your Amazon EC2 instances in a specific Local Zone. You can enable Local Zones without any additional fees. You pay only for the services you consume in Local Zones. 

The following table lists services available in each of the Local Zones. Enable access to the following Local Zones in your Amazon EC2 console.

AWS Local Zones location

AWS services

Amazon EC2 Amazon EBS
AWS Shield Amazon   ELB Amazon ECS Amazon EKS Amazon VPC
Amazon Direct Connect Amazon    FSx Amazon EMR Amazon ElastiCache Amazon RDS
Amazon GameLift  Application Migration Service  NAT Gateway Amazon Route 53**

Atlanta, US

us-east-1-atl-2a

C6i, M6i, R6i, C6gn, and P5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2) Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1) Standard ALB          

Boston, US

us-east-1-bos-1a

C6i, M6i, R6i, and C6gn instances General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2) Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1) Standard ALB            

Chicago, US

us-east-1-chi-2a

C6i, M6i, R6i, and C6gn instances General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2) Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1),
General Purpose SSD (gp3), Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1)
Standard ALB          

Dallas, US

us-east-1-dfw-2a

C6i, M6i, R6i, C6gn, and M6g instances General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2), Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1) Standard ALB              

Denver, US

us-west-2-den-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn,and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB          

Houston, US

us-east-1-iah-2a

C6i, M6i, R6i, and C6gn instances General Purpose SSD (gp2), General Purpose SSD (gp3), Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1) Standard ALB          

Kansas City, US

us-east-1-mci-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB          

Las Vegas, US

us-west-2-las-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB            
Los Angeles, US us-west-2-lax-1a T3, C5, C5d, M5, R5, R5d, G4dn, G5, and I3en instances General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2) Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1)

 

Standard           

ALB

Los Angeles, US

us-west-2-lax-1b

T3, C5, C5d, M5, R5, R5d,  G4dn, and I3en instances

 

General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2) Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1)

 

Standard           

ALB  

Miami, US

us-east-1-mia-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB            

Minneapolis, US

us-east-1-msp-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB            

New York (located in New Jersey), US

us-east-1-nyc-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB            

Philadelphia, US

us-east-1-phl-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB            

Phoenix, US

us-west-2-phx-2a

C6i, M6i, R6i, and C6gn instances General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2) Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1) Standard ALB          

Portland, US

us-west-2-pdx-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB            

Seattle, US

us-west-2-sea-1a

T3, C5d, R5d, and G4dn instances
General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard ALB            

Auckland, New Zealand

ap-southeast-2-akl-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Bangkok, Thailand

ap-southeast-1-bkk-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Buenos Aires, Argentina

us-east-1-bue-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Copenhagen, Denmark

eu-north-1-cph-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Delhi, India

ap-south-1-del-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Hamburg, Germany

eu-central-1-ham-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Helsinki, Finland

eu-north-1-hel-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Kolkata, India

ap-south-1-ccu-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Lagos, Nigeria

af-south-1-los-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Lima, Peru

us-east-1-lim-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Manila, Philippines

ap-southeast-1-mnl-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn*, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Muscat, Oman

me-south-1-mct-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Perth, Australia

ap-southeast-2-per-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Querétaro, Mexico

us-east-1-qro-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Santiago, Chile

us-east-1-scl-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              

Taipei, Taiwan

ap-northeast-1-tpe-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2)

Standard              

Warsaw, Poland

eu-central-1-waw-1a

T3, C5, R5, G4dn, and M5 instances General Purpose SSD (gp2) Standard              


* Upcoming

**Geoproximity routing

                                   

Compute and storage

Local Zones offer a selection of general purpose, compute optimized, memory optimized, accelerated computing, and storage optimized Amazon EC2 instance families (including T3, C5, M5, R5, R5d, I3en, G4) as well as Amazon EBS volumes such as General Purpose SSD (gp3), General Purpose SSD (gp2), Provisioned IOPS SSD (io1), Throughput Optimized HDD (st1), and Cold HDD (sc1) for persistent local block storage. Local Zones also offers two file services locally: Amazon FSx for Lustre (a high-performance POSIX file system) and AWS FSx for Windows File Server (native Microsoft Windows file system).

Containers

You can run Kubernetes pods in the Local Zones as part of your Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (Amazon EKS) clusters. You can also run Amazon Elastic Container Service (Amazon ECS) tasks in Local Zones.

Networking

Seamlessly extend Amazon VPC in an account to span across Availability Zones and Local Zones. You can create a subnet in your regional VPC and associate it with a Local Zone just as you associate subnets with an Availability Zone in an AWS Region to extend all VPC features including Security Groups, Network ACLs, and Route Tables to a Local Zone.

Internet and Direct Connect

Local Zones have local internet ingress and egress to reduce latency. Local Zones also support AWS Direct Connect, giving you the opportunity to route your traffic over a private network connection.

Access Regional services

With Local Zones, you can seamlessly connect to the full range of services, such as Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3) and Amazon DynamoDB, in the AWS Region through the same APIs and tool sets over the AWS private and high-bandwidth network backbone.

AWS tools

AWS tools like AWS CloudFormation, Amazon CloudWatch, AWS CloudTrail, and others can be used to run and manage workloads as they do for cloud workloads today.

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