This Guidance shows you how to implement a customized key management strategy on AWS. This includes the capability to encrypt data at rest and in transit, provide least privilege access to keys, report on anomalies, and rotate keys based on requirements.

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Architecture Diagram


Download the architecture diagram PDF 

Additional Considerations

In cloud computing, a robust encryption and key management capability has become essential for customers. Encryption shields against data breaches and unauthorized access by rendering sensitive information indecipherable to malicious actors. Effective key management supports secure key generation, distribution, rotation, and storage, improving the efficiency of operations management and reducing insider threat risks. Moreover, compliance with various regulations—like the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)—demands data protection. As a result, encryption and key management are crucial for you to maintain regulatory adherence and foster customer trust. Developing an encryption and key management capability is imperative for you to safeguard data, achieve compliance, and secure sensitive information in the cloud.


The sample code; software libraries; command line tools; proofs of concept; templates; or other related technology (including any of the foregoing that are provided by our personnel) is provided to you as AWS Content under the AWS Customer Agreement, or the relevant written agreement between you and AWS (whichever applies). You should not use this AWS Content in your production accounts, or on production or other critical data. You are responsible for testing, securing, and optimizing the AWS Content, such as sample code, as appropriate for production grade use based on your specific quality control practices and standards. Deploying AWS Content may incur AWS charges for creating or using AWS chargeable resources, such as running Amazon EC2 instances or using Amazon S3 storage.

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