AWS Graviton Processor

Enabling the best price performance in Amazon EC2

AWS Graviton processors are custom-built by Amazon Web Services using 64-bit Arm Neoverse cores to deliver the best price performance for your cloud workloads running in Amazon EC2. Amazon EC2 provides the broadest and deepest portfolio of compute instances, including many that are powered by latest-generation Intel and AMD processors. AWS Graviton processors add even more choice to help customers optimize performance and cost for their workloads.

The first-generation AWS Graviton processors power Amazon EC2 A1 instances, the first ever Arm-based instances on AWS. These instances deliver significant cost savings over other general-purpose instances for scale-out applications such as web servers, containerized microservices, data/log processing, and other workloads that can run on smaller cores and fit within the available memory footprint.

AWS Graviton2 processors deliver a major leap in performance and capabilities over first-generation AWS Graviton processors. They power Amazon EC2 M6g, C6g, and R6g instances that provide up to 40% better price performance over comparable current generation instances1 for a wide variety of workloads, including application servers, micro-services, high-performance computing, electronic design automation, gaming, open-source databases, and in-memory caches. The AWS Graviton2 processors also provide enhanced performance for video encoding workloads, hardware acceleration for compression workloads, and support for CPU-based machine learning inference. They deliver 7x performance, 4x the number of compute cores, 2x larger caches, and 5x faster memory compared to the first-generation Graviton processors.

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Benefits

Best price performance for a broad spectrum of workloads

AWS Graviton2-based general-purpose (M6g), compute-optimized (C6g), and memory-optimized (R6g) EC2 instances deliver up to 40% better price performance over comparable current generation instances1 for a broad spectrum of workloads such as application servers, micro-services, video encoding, high-performance computing, electronic design automation, compression, gaming, open-source databases, in-memory caches, and CPU-based machine learning inference. M6g instances are now available in preview. These instances, along with C6g and R6g instances and M6gd, C6gd, and R6gd variants with local NVMe-based SSD storage will be generally available soon.

Extensive ecosystem support

AWS Graviton2 processors, based on the 64-bit Arm architecture, are supported by several popular Linux operating systems including Amazon Linux 2, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, and Ubuntu. Many popular applications and services from AWS and Independent Software Vendors also support AWS Graviton2-based instances, including Amazon ECS, Amazon EKS, Amazon CodeBuild, Amazon CodeCommit, Amazon CodePipeline, Amazon CodeDeploy, Amazon CloudWatch, Docker Desktop and Enterprise Engine, Rancher k3s, NGINX, Datadog, CrowdStrike, and Jenkins. Arm developers can also leverage this ecosystem to build applications natively in the cloud, thereby eliminating the need for emulation and cross-compilation, which are error prone and time consuming.

Enhanced security for cloud applications

Developers building applications for the cloud rely on cloud infrastructure for security, speed and optimal resource footprint. AWS Graviton2 processors feature key capabilities that enables developers to run cloud native applications securely, and at scale, including always-on 256-bit DRAM encryption and 50% faster per core encryption performance compared to first-generation AWS Graviton. Graviton2 powered instances are built on the Nitro System that features the Nitro security chip with dedicated hardware and software for security functions, and support encrypted EBS storage volumes by default.

EC2 Instances Powered by AWS Graviton2

General Purpose

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Best price performance for general purpose workloads with balanced compute, memory, and networking

Built for: General-purpose workloads such as application servers, mid-size data stores, microservices, and cluster computing.

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Compute Optimized

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Best price performance for compute-intensive workloads

Built for: Compute intensive applications such as high performance computing, video encoding, gaming, and CPU-based machine learning inference acceleration. 

Coming Soon

Memory Optimized

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Best price performance for workloads that process large data sets in memory

Built for: Memory intensive workloads such as open-source databases (MySQL, MariaDB, and PostgreSQL), or in-memory caches (Redis, Memcached). 

Coming Soon

EC2 Instances Powered by First Generation AWS Graviton

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Amazon EC2 A1 Instances, powered by first-generation AWS Graviton processors, deliver significant cost savings over other general-purpose instances scale-out applications such as web servers, containerized microservices, data/log processing, and other workloads that can run on smaller cores and fit within the available memory footprint. These instances will also appeal to developers, enthusiasts, and educators across the Arm community.

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Software and Services

Operating Systems

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Amazon Linux 2
Toolkit-Icon_RedHat
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
Toolkit-Icon_Ubuntu
Ubuntu
Toolkit-Icon_SUSE
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
Toolkit-Icon_Fedora
Fedora
Free-BSD_Logo
FreeBSD
Debian_Logo
Debian

Container Services

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Docker
Toolkit-Icon_Amazon-EKS
Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service
Toolkit-Icon_Amazon ECS.e8cc95a422d1f7c5ed31ca14082ff183c7959034
Amazon Elastic Container Service
Fircracker_Logo
Firecracker

Developer Tools and Software

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Jenkins
GitLab_Logo
GitLab
Toolkit-Icon_AWS CodeCommit.adef7bf3c09f39b8a2a7c119653623a0f5f14646
AWS CodeCommit
Toolkit-Icon_AWS CodeBuild.87069d3ea748977c88d516873e16b92a2ff1bb75
Amazon CodeBuild
Toolkit-Icon_AWS CodePipeline.2039671c2249b73c00063e9a20ce64e6c98f85c9
AWS CodePipeline
Code-Deploy_Logo
AWS CodeDeploy
Cloud-9_Logo
AWS Cloud9
Corretto_Logo
Amazon Corretto
NGinx_Logo
NGINX

Agents

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CrowdStrike
DataDog_Logo
Datadog
Cloudwatch_Logo
Amazon CloudWatch
Amazon-Inspector_Logo
Amazon Inspector
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AWS Systems Manager

And many others...

Resources

1 20% lower cost and up to 40% higher performance over Amazon EC2 M5 instances, based on internal testing of workloads.