Philips Accelerates Insights at Scale for Healthcare Organizations through Innovative Data Annotation Solution Built on AWS
Machine learning (ML) is changing the way healthcare professionals use data from imaging technology to drive improved patient outcomes. But high-quality ML models require extensive and accurate annotations—a process in which a person tags and labels data features so that the model can learn to recognize and act on them. Global health technology company Royal Philips (Philips) wants to accelerate the delivery of insights at scale to its customers. As part of its long-standing relationship with Amazon Web Services (AWS) in building the Philips HealthSuite Platform, Philips investigated how to modernize and scale its 2D and 3D imaging and labeling tools in the cloud. In this joint effort, Philips and AWS have explored how to streamline the time-consuming, decentralized workflow of annotating the copious amounts of data that are needed to train ML algorithms to serve Philips’ customers faster and better, with relevant insights derived by ML models.
Through our use of Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth, the clear benefit we see is that we move much faster with existing tooling to a cloud-based annotation workflow.”
René van Erp
Software Architecture Lead, Royal Philips
Using Data in the Cloud to Improve Patient Outcomes
Philips is a health technology company focused on improving people’s lives through meaningful innovation across the health continuum, from healthy living and prevention to diagnosis, treatment, and home care. Since 2014, the company has been offering customers its Philips HealthSuite Platform, which orchestrates dozens of AWS services that healthcare and life sciences companies use to improve patient care. The Philips HealthSuite Platform is a healthcare-ready and regulatory-approved platform that focuses on providing healthcare infrastructure and data services in the cloud by connecting devices, unlocking data, and fostering collaboration. As part of the HealthSuite Platform, Philips is working on a new end-to-end artificial intelligence (AI) development and deployment platform using Amazon SageMaker, which helps data scientists and developers to build, train, and deploy ML models for virtually any use case. Philips had created a suite of annotation tools that it was running using on-premises infrastructure. As part of the new AI development and deployment platform on HealthSuite, it wanted to expand the use of existing annotation tools beyond on-premises capabilities and centralize its data annotation process in the cloud, saving time and money while protecting the security and privacy of sensitive medical information, which is a priority as part of the Philips Data Principles. Previously, someone had to drive to the annotators’ locations—a hospital, for example—to hand deliver data to annotators and collect completed annotations.
Philips’ annotation solution in the new AI development and deployment platform centers around Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth, a data labeling service that makes it simple to label data while giving organizations the flexibility to use human annotators through third-party vendors or their own private workforce. Philips can continue to incorporate its existing annotation applications—some that run on premises on Windows or Linux software and others that are web based, occasionally running on isolated instances. “This project is a way for us to centralize data and use our existing AI annotation tools in a cloud environment so that our annotators can access data from a browser that is connected to cloud-based storage,” says René van Erp, software architecture lead at Philips.
Building an Innovative Annotation Solution in Philips HealthSuite Using AWS
Built natively on AWS, Philips HealthSuite Platform stores the data that it collects for annotation as well as ML model training in a data lake built on Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3), an object storage service built to retrieve any amount of data from anywhere. To read data and push it to the web-based annotation tools, Philips uses AWS Lambda, a serverless, event-driven compute service that lets developers run code for virtually any type of application or backend service without provisioning or managing servers. After this is complete, annotations get pushed back into the HealthSuite data lake using an additional Lambda function. To route web requests to Lambda, Philips uses Amazon API Gateway, a fully managed service that makes it simple for developers to create, publish, maintain, monitor, and secure APIs at virtually any scale. “It’s very important that we can use our existing annotation tools and don’t have to rebuild them from scratch to make them web based,” says Frank Wartena, program manager for data and artificial intelligence at Philips. The solution built on AWS saves developer time and effort by removing the need to rewrite annotation tools, effort that Philips can now spend on innovative solutions to improve healthcare outcomes.
Annotation tools installed as desktop applications run on Amazon AppStream 2.0—a fully managed nonpersistent desktop and application service for remotely accessing work—and render using SageMaker Ground Truth. “Bringing nonweb applications into Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth is something that wasn’t done before,” Wartena says. “It’s not just relevant in the healthcare industry, but it’s also valuable for others.” The workflow on AWS also simplifies Philips’ ability to keep a full record of anyone who comes in contact with sensitive data—an important regulatory requirement.
As an additional benefit, annotators don’t have to alter the methods that they currently use in their clinics. Physicians working with CT scans, for example, can continue to use the same methods for labeling images in their day-to-day practices that they use to perform annotations for Philips, thereby preserving most of the existing user experience and workflow. And by shifting offline annotation processes to the cloud, Philips speeds up the process, decreasing the total lead time of ML projects in development and reducing time to market. “Through our use of Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth, the clear benefit we see is that we move much faster with existing tooling to a cloud-based annotation workflow,” van Erp says.
Using SageMaker Ground Truth, Philips can reach a much larger qualified global workforce and continually add new datasets at scale, resulting in a wider distribution and volume of data annotations. ML models trained on these datasets can provide more accurate predictions, helping healthcare professionals better diagnose diseases, such as cancer or infections. It also speeds up the annotation process, which reduces the throughput time of the ML projects and brings insights at scale faster to customers.
Broadening Capabilities on AWS to Inform Doctors’ Decisions
Philips is collaborating closely with AWS on the development of its AI development and deployment platform, which will include additional Amazon SageMaker capabilities. In addition to annotation, these include model training, validation, and model deployment and monitoring. As a result, Philips will be able to help doctors save time and make better-informed decisions. “Using Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth, we have a much more efficient process, especially within our full AI development and deployment platform,” van Erp says. “It’s an efficiency and productivity boost, which has a tremendous impact on lead time and overall cost.”
To learn more, visit https://aws.amazon.com/sagemaker/data-labeling/.
About Royal Philips
Founded in 1891 and headquartered in Amsterdam, Royal Philips is a leading global health technology company focused on improving people’s health and helping provide better patient outcomes.
- Centralizes data in the cloud for convenient use by data annotators
- Incorporates existing annotation tools to retain existing processes and save developer time
- Adds new datasets at scale
- Reaches a larger qualified global annotation workforce
- Protects privacy of sensitive medical information
- Improves ability to meet regulatory requirements
AWS Services Used
Amazon SageMaker Ground Truth
SageMaker Ground Truth is a data labeling service that makes it easy to label data and gives you the option to use human annotators through Amazon Mechanical Turk, third-party vendors, or your own private workforce.
Amazon Simple Storage Service (Amazon S3)
Amazon S3 is an object storage service offering industry-leading scalability, data availability, security, and performance.
Amazon AppStream 2.0
Amazon AppStream 2.0 is a fully managed non-persistent desktop and application service for remotely accessing your work.
Amazon API Gateway
Amazon API Gateway is a fully managed service that makes it easy for developers to create, publish, maintain, monitor, and secure APIs at any scale.
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