Amazon RDS provides a selection of instance types optimized to fit different relational database use cases. Instance types comprise varying combinations of CPU, memory, storage, and networking capacity and give you the flexibility to choose the appropriate mix of resources for your database. Each instance type includes one or more instance sizes, allowing you to scale your resources to the requirements of your target workload.

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Instance Type vCPU Memory (GiB) Maximum EBS-Optimized Bandwidth (Mbps) Network Performance
General Purpose - Latest Generation
db.m5.large 2
8
3,500 Up to 10 Gbps
db.m5.xlarge 4
16
3,500 Up to 10 Gbps
db.m5.2xlarge 8
32
3,500 Up to 10 Gbps
db.m5.4xlarge 16
64
3,500 Up to 10 Gbps
db.m5.12xlarge 48 192
7,000 10 Gbps
db.m5.24xlarge

96

384

14,000 25 Gbps
General Purpose - Current Generation        
db.m4.large 2
8
450 Moderate
db.m4.xlarge 4
16
750 High
db.m4.2xlarge 8
32
1,000 High
db.m4.4xlarge 16
64
2,000 High
db.m4.10xlarge 40
160
4,000 10 Gbps
db.m4.16xlarge

64

256

10,000 20 Gbps
Memory Optimized - Latest Generation      
db.r4.large 2 15.25 425 Up to 10 Gbps
db.r4.xlarge 4 30.5 850 Up to 10 Gbps
db.r4.2xlarge 8 61 1,700 Up to 10 Gbps
db.r4.4xlarge 16 122 3,500 Up to 10 Gbps
db.r4.8xlarge 32 244 7,000 10 Gbps
db.r4.16xlarge 64 488
14,000 25 Gbps
db.x1e.xlarge 4 122 500 Up to 10 Gbps
db.x1e.2xlarge 8 244 1,000 Up to 10 Gbps
db.x1e.4xlarge 16 488 1,750 Up to 10 Gbps
db.x1e.8xlarge 32 976 3,500 Up to 10 Gbps
db.x1e.16xlarge 64 1,952 7,000 10 Gbps
db.x1e.32xlarge 128 3,904 14,000 25 Gbps
db.x1.16xlarge 64 976 7,000 10 Gbps
db.x1.32xlarge 128 1,952 14,000 10 Gbps
Memory Optimized - Current Generation  
db.r3.large 2 15.25 - Moderate
db.r3.xlarge 4
30.5 500 Moderate
db.r3.2xlarge 8
61 1,000 High
db.r3.4xlarge 16 122 2,000 High
db.r3.8xlarge 32
244 -
10 Gbps
Burstable Performance - Current Generation
db.t2.micro 1 1 - Low
db.t2.small 1 2 - Low
db.t2.medium 2 4 - Moderate
db.t2.large 2 8 - Moderate
db.t2.xlarge 4 16
- High
db.t2.2xlarge 8 32
-
High

Not every instance type is supported for every database engine, version, edition or region. Please see the DB engine-specific pricing pages for details.

Looking for M1 or M2 DB instances? See the Previous Generation Instances page.