AWS Developer Blog

AWS CodeBuild Test Reporting with .NET Core

At AWS re:Invent 2019, AWS CodeBuild announced a new test reporting feature which can help make diagnosing test failures in CodeBuild much easier. You can read more about it here.

I wanted to use this feature for .NET and after a little research I was able to quickly add support for .NET tests to my CodeBuild projects. Let’s take a look at how I made this work.

Project Setup

For demonstration purposes I have a test project with the following tests. I admit these tests don’t really do anything but they will give me 3 passing tests and one failing test for a malformed Uri exception.

using System;
using System.Net;
using Xunit;

namespace CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample.Tests
{
    public class ExampleTests
    {
        [Fact]
        public void TestSuccess1()
        {

        }


        [Fact]
        public void TestSuccess2()
        {

        }

        [Theory]
        [InlineData("https://www.google.com")]
        [InlineData("fffaaa")]
        public void TestMalformedUri(string uri)
        {
            new Uri(uri);
        }
    }
}

To run this project with CodeBuild I first started with a buildspec.yml file that built my project and ran my tests.

version: 0.2

phases:
    install:
        runtime-versions:
            dotnet: 3.1
    build:
        commands:
            - dotnet build -c Release ./CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample/CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample.csproj
            - dotnet test -c Release ./CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample.Tests/CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample.Tests.csproj

The first step to making my test reports was making sure the dotnet test command logged the test run. To do that I need to specify the logger format and where to put the logs. I changed the dotnet test command shown above to use the trx log format and to put the results in the ./testresults directory.

- dotnet test -c Release <project-path> --logger trx --results-directory ./testresults

What to do with a trx format file?

To have CodeBuild use the trx files to create the test reports I needed to add a new reports section to the buildspec.yml file. This snippet below grabs all of the xml files in the ./testresults directory to generate test reports under the DotnetTestExamples report group in CodeBuild.

    
reports:
    DotnetTestExamples:
        file-format: VisualStudioTrx
        files:
            - '**/*'
        base-directory: './testresults'

By default CodeBuild will assume the test log files to be in JUnit XML format. To make sure CodeBuild understands the trx xml files I needed to set the file-format field in my buildspec.yml file to VisualStudioTrx.

Here is now the full version of my buildspec.yml that will run by my build, execute tests and collect the test logs for a CodeBuild test report.


version: 0.2

phases:
    install:
        runtime-versions:
            dotnet: 3.1
    build:
        commands:
            - dotnet build -c Release ./CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample/CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample.csproj
            - dotnet test -c Release ./CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample.Tests/CodeBuildDotnetTestReportExample.Tests.csproj --logger trx --results-directory ./testresults
reports:
    DotnetTestExamples:
        file-format: VisualStudioTrx
        files:
            - '**/*'
        base-directory: './testresults'

Setting up the build project

A CodeBuild project can be configured with a variety of options, for example what source control provider should be used, or whether to run as a stand alone job, or run as part of a pipeline. For this post I’m going to keep it simple and create a standalone CodeBuild project pointing to a GitHub repository. Here are the steps I used to create the CodeBuild project.

  • Sign in to the AWS Management Console and navigate to CodeBuild
  • Click Create build project
  • Set a project name
  • Select the GitHub repository
  • Configure the Environment image
    • Operating System = Amazon Linux 2
    • Runtime = Standard
    • Image = aws/codebuild/amazonlinux2-x86_64-standard:3.0
    • Service Role = New service role
  • Click Create build project to finish

Once the project is created we can start a build which will execute the buildspec.yml to build the project and run the tests.

View test report

CodeBuild will capture the test reports identified in the reports section of the buildspec.yml file as the builds execute, and we can view the test reports identified in the report group I named DotnetTestExamples in the CodeBuild console. The example below shows my 4 tests ran, and which one failed. Clicking the failed test will give more details about the failure.

Conclusion

Adding test reports to your CodeBuild project makes it easier to diagnose CodeBuild jobs and you can see how, with just a few steps, you can add reporting to your .NET builds in AWS CodeBuild.

–Norm