Announcing Two New AWS Quick Start Reference Deployments for Compliance
As part of the Professional Services Enterprise Accelerator – Compliance program, AWS has published two new Quick Start reference deployments to assist federal government customers and others who need to meet National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) SP 800-53 (Revision 4) security control requirements, including those at the high-impact level. The new Quick Starts are AWS Enterprise Accelerator – Compliance: NIST-based Assurance Frameworks and AWS Enterprise Accelerator – Compliance: Standardized Architecture for NIST High-Impact Controls Featuring Trend Micro Deep Security. These Quick Starts address many of the NIST controls at the infrastructure layer. Furthermore, for systems categorized as high impact, AWS has worked with Trend Micro to incorporate its Deep Security product into a Quick Start deployment in order to address many additional high-impact controls at the workload layer (app, data, and operating system). In addition, we have worked with Telos Corporation to populate security control implementation details for each of these Quick Starts into the Xacta product suite for customers who rely upon that suite for governance, risk, and compliance workflows.
These two Quick Starts are designed to help various customers, including those who deploy systems that must:
- Go through a NIST-based assessment and authorization (A&A).
- Meet NIST SP 800-171 requirements related to Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI).
- Provide Trusted Internet Connection (TIC) capabilities.
- Meet Department of Defense (DoD) Cloud Security Requirements Guide (SRG) requirements for levels 4–5.
Each Quick Start builds a recommended architecture which, when deployed as a package, provides a baseline AWS security-related configuration, and for the NIST high-impact Quick Start, includes a Trend Micro Deep Security configuration. The architectures are instantiated by these Quick Starts through sets of nested AWS CloudFormation templates and user data scripts that build an example environment with a two-VPC, multi-tiered web service. The NIST high-impact version launches Trend Micro Deep Security and deploys a single agent with relevant security configurations on all Amazon EC2 instances within the architecture. For more information about Deep Security, go to Defend your AWS workloads.
The Quick Starts also include:
- AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) resources – Policies, groups, roles, and instance profiles.
- Amazon S3 buckets – Encrypted web content, logging, and backup.
- A bastion host for troubleshooting and administration.
- An encrypted Amazon RDS database instance running in multiple Availability Zones.
- A logging/monitoring/alerting configuration that makes use of AWS CloudTrail, Amazon CloudWatch, and AWS Config Rules.
The recommended architecture supports a wide variety of AWS best practices (all of which are detailed in the document) that include the use of multiple Availability Zones, isolation using public and private subnets, load balancing, and auto scaling.
Both Quick Start packages include a deployment guide with detailed instructions, and a security controls matrix that describes how NIST SP 800-53 controls are addressed by the deployment. The matrix should be reviewed by your IT security assessors and risk decision makers so that they can understand the extent of the implementation of the controls within the architecture. The security controls matrix also identifies the specific resources within the CloudFormation templates that affect each control, and contains cross-references to:
- FedRAMP in-scope security controls.
- DoD Cloud Computing Security Requirements Guide (SRG) in-scope security controls.
- NIST SP 800-171 security requirements.
- DRAFT FedRAMP-TIC Overlay capabilities, to address the OMB/DHS Trusted Internet Connections Initiative in the cloud.
Though it is impossible to automatically implement all system-specific controls within a baseline architecture, these two Quick Start packages can help you address and document a significant portion of the technical controls (including up to 38% of the NIST high-impact controls, in the case of the NIST high-impact Quick Start variant).
In addition, Telos Corporation has integrated the controls compliance and guidance information from these packages into its Xacta product. This makes it simpler for you to inherit this information for your IT governance, risk, and compliance programs, and to document the differences or changes in your security compliance posture. For users of the Xacta product suite, this integration can reduce the effort required to produce bodies of evidence for A&A activities when leveraging AWS Cloud infrastructure. For more information about Telos and Xacta, see Telos and Amazon Web Services: Accelerating Secure and Compliant Cloud Deployments.
To access these new Quick Starts, see the Compliance, security, and identity management section on the AWS Quick Start Reference Deployments page.
If you have questions about these Quick Starts, please contact the AWS Compliance Accelerator team.