AWS Machine Learning Blog

Category: Artificial Intelligence

FMOps/LLMOps: Operationalize generative AI and differences with MLOps

Nowadays, the majority of our customers is excited about large language models (LLMs) and thinking how generative AI could transform their business. However, bringing such solutions and models to the business-as-usual operations is not an easy task. In this post, we discuss how to operationalize generative AI applications using MLOps principles leading to foundation model operations (FMOps). Furthermore, we deep dive on the most common generative AI use case of text-to-text applications and LLM operations (LLMOps), a subset of FMOps. The following figure illustrates the topics we discuss.

Use Amazon SageMaker Model Cards sharing to improve model governance

One of the tools available as part of the ML governance is Amazon SageMaker Model Cards, which has the capability to create a single source of truth for model information by centralizing and standardizing documentation throughout the model lifecycle.

SageMaker model cards enable you to standardize how models are documented, thereby achieving visibility into the lifecycle of a model, from designing, building, training, and evaluation. Model cards are intended to be a single source of truth for business and technical metadata about the model that can reliably be used for auditing and documentation purposes. They provide a fact sheet of the model that is important for model governance.

Deploy generative AI self-service question answering using the QnABot on AWS solution powered by Amazon Lex with Amazon Kendra, and Amazon Bedrock

Powered by Amazon Lex, the QnABot on AWS solution is an open-source, multi-channel, multi-language conversational chatbot. QnABot allows you to quickly deploy self-service conversational AI into your contact center, websites, and social media channels, reducing costs, shortening hold times, and improving customer experience and brand sentiment. In this post, we introduce the new Generative AI features for QnABot and walk through a tutorial to create, deploy, and customize QnABot to use these features. We also discuss some relevant use cases.

Automatically generate impressions from findings in radiology reports using generative AI on AWS

This post demonstrates a strategy for fine-tuning publicly available LLMs for the task of radiology report summarization using AWS services. LLMs have demonstrated remarkable capabilities in natural language understanding and generation, serving as foundation models that can be adapted to various domains and tasks. There are significant benefits to using a pre-trained model. It reduces computation costs, reduces carbon footprints, and allows you to use state-of-the-art models without having to train one from scratch.

MLOps for batch inference with model monitoring and retraining using Amazon SageMaker, HashiCorp Terraform, and GitLab CI/CD

In this post, we describe how to create an MLOps workflow for batch inference that automates job scheduling, model monitoring, retraining, and registration, as well as error handling and notification by using Amazon SageMaker, Amazon EventBridge, AWS Lambda, Amazon Simple Notification Service (Amazon SNS), HashiCorp Terraform, and GitLab CI/CD. The presented MLOps workflow provides a reusable template for managing the ML lifecycle through automation, monitoring, auditability, and scalability, thereby reducing the complexities and costs of maintaining batch inference workloads in production.

University of San Francisco Data Science Conference 2023 Datathon in partnership with AWS and Amazon SageMaker Studio Lab

As part of the 2023 Data Science Conference (DSCO 23), AWS partnered with the Data Institute at the University of San Francisco (USF) to conduct a datathon. Participants, both high school and undergraduate students, competed on a data science project that focused on air quality and sustainability. The Data Institute at the USF aims to support cross-disciplinary research and education in the field of data science. The Data Institute and the Data Science Conference provide a distinctive fusion of cutting-edge academic research and the entrepreneurial culture of the technology industry in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Announcing the Preview of Amazon SageMaker Profiler: Track and visualize detailed hardware performance data for your model training workloads

Today, we’re pleased to announce the preview of Amazon SageMaker Profiler, a capability of Amazon SageMaker that provides a detailed view into the AWS compute resources provisioned during training deep learning models on SageMaker. With SageMaker Profiler, you can track all activities on CPUs and GPUs, such as CPU and GPU utilizations, kernel runs on GPUs, kernel launches on CPUs, sync operations, memory operations across GPUs, latencies between kernel launches and corresponding runs, and data transfer between CPUs and GPUs. In this post, we walk you through the capabilities of SageMaker Profiler.

Persistent Systems shapes the future of software engineering with Amazon CodeWhisperer

Persistent Systems, a global digital engineering provider, has run several pilots and formal studies with Amazon CodeWhisperer that point to shifts in software engineering, generative AI-led modernization, responsible innovation, and more. This post highlights four themes emerging from Persistent’s Amazon CodeWhisperer experiments that could change software engineering as we know it.